Sri Lanka: Continuing humanitarian concerns and obstacles to durable solutions for recent and longer-term IDPs (November 2009)

The protracted armed conflict in Sri Lanka between government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ended in May 2009. The final intense stages of combat were conducted predominantly in the northern LTTE-controlled Vanni region.

10 November 2009 | Country Profile


Philippines: Cycle of conflict and neglect: Mindanao's displacement and protection crisis

In August 2008, the suspension of an agreement on the issue of an autonomous Muslim (Moro) homeland between the government of the Philippines and the rebels of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) led to the collapse of the peace talks and triggered renewed fighting throughout the southern island region of Mindanao.

05 November 2009 | Country Profile


Turkey: Need for continued improvement in response to protracted displacement

Around one million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Turkey continue to face protracted displacement, with many obstacles still standing in the way of durable solutions. Prevailing insecurity in south-eastern Turkey, the continuing presence of village guard militias and of mines, and under-development continue to bar their return. Integration in urban areas is still fraught with difficulties in the absence of targeted assistance, as IDPs, most of them Kurdish, face socio-economic marginalisation and discrimination.

26 October 2009 | Country Profile


Russian Federation: Monitoring of IDPs and returnees still needed

At least 80,000 people are still internally displaced in Russia, more than 15 years after they were first forced to flee their homes. While large-scale hostilities ended several years ago, violence is still extensive in the North Caucasus and human rights abuses continue with perpetrators enjoying impunity. The economy is improving in Chechnya and reconstruction has brought impressive results in Grozny, but corruption and weak local governance continue to delay full recovery.

12 October 2009 | Country Profile


Burundi: Long-term IDPs need land security

The security situation in Burundi improved markedly after the last rebel group in the country laid down its arms at the end of 2008, and no new conflict-induced displacement was reported in 2009. However, up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in sites in northern and central Burundi. Most of them, displaced in the 1990s or early 2000s following inter-ethnic violence and fighting between the government and rebel groups, have integrated in the neighbouring towns and villages they fled to, and the majority reportedly wish to remain in these sites.

01 October 2009 | Country Profile


Algeria: National reconciliation fails to address needs of IDPs

Although Algeria has been affected by large-scale internal displacement caused by the internal conflict that has ravaged the country since the early 1990s, very little information is available on the current situation of the displaced and their numbers. The European Union estimated in 2002 that violence had displaced one million people, while others put the number as high as 1.5 million.

29 September 2009 | Country Profile


Lebanon: Difficulties continue for people displaced by successive conflicts

A number of displacement situations have persisted in Lebanon since the 1975-1990 civil war, invasions and an 18-year occupation of southern Lebanon by Israel, a 33-day war in July 2006 between Israel and Hezbollah, the destruction in 2007 of the Nahr el-Bared camp for Palestinian refugees, and localised sectarian violence in 2008.

28 September 2009 | Country Profile


Congo: Peace and oil dividends fail to benefit remaining IDPs and other vulnerable populations

A decade of armed conflict from 1993 caused the internal displacement of 800,000 people in the Republic of the Congo. Sparked by disputed parliamentary elections, the conflict lasted until the government and the “Ninja” rebels, the armed wing of the National Resistance Council (Conseil national de résistance, CNR) which originated from among the Lari ethnic group, signed a ceasefire agreement in 2003.

25 September 2009 | Country Profile


Ethiopia: Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government. It is difficult to establish the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) as neither the government nor any international organisation has undertaken a profiling exercise.

03 September 2009 | Country Profile


Croatia: Housing rights and employment still preventing durable solutions

The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed conflict between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. At the end of the war, around 250,000 people were displaced within Croatia, of whom 32,000 were Croatian Serbs. By June 2009, the number of IDPs had fallen to about 2,400, including over 1,600 ethnic Serbs.

01 September 2009 | Country Profile


Uganda: Returns outpace recovery planning

Since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in 2006, about two thirds of the 1.8 million IDPs who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin.

19 August 2009 | Country Profile


Democratic Republic of Congo: Massive displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions

Fighting between militia groups and Congolese armed forces supported by the UN, as well as attacks and violence against civilians, caused the displacement of some 800,000 people in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during the first six months of 2009. As a result of these and earlier episodes, an estimated two million people were displaced in North and South Kivu and Orientale Province as of the end of July 2009.

12 August 2009 | Country Profile


Bangladesh: Indigenous people and religious minorities still affected by displacement

Armed conflict and human rights violations including forced evictions and government policies discriminating against religious minorities have displaced at least tens of thousands of people in Bangladesh.

16 July 2009 | Country Profile


Georgia: IDPs in Georgia still need attention

Large-scale displacement was caused in August 2008 by conflict between Georgia and the Russian Federation over the fate of the secessionist territory of South Ossetia. Most of the people displaced were later able to return to their homes in areas adjacent to the administrative border with South Ossetia, and most ethnic Ossetians returned to their homes in South Ossetia. However, some 37,000 ethnic Georgians who fled South Ossetia have not been able to return by mid-2009.

09 July 2009 | Country Profile


Colombia: New displacement continues, response still ineffective

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had to May 2009 displaced almost 3.1 million people according to the government, and over 4.6 million people according to a reliable non-governmental source. Nevertheless, under-registration in the government’s system remains pervasive.

03 July 2009 | Country Profile


Sudan: 4.9 million IDPs across Sudan face ongoing turmoil

IDMC profile of the situations of internal displacement in Sudan. As a result of Sudan’s numerous conflicts, about 4.9 million people remain internally displaced in the country; together they make up the single largest internally displaced population in the world.

27 May 2009 | Country Profile


Somalia: Security and protection crisis continues despite peace deal

Somalia still faces serious security challenges with far-reaching implications for the civilian population, despite the conclusion of a UN-facilitated peace process that culminated in an agreement between an alliance of opposition parties and the Transitional Federal Government to establish the Government of National Unity.

20 May 2009 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: Civilians displaced by conflict facing severe humanitarian crisis (May 2009)

The protracted armed conflict in Sri Lanka between government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) appeared to be nearing an end in 2009 with the LTTE cornered in a small area of the northern Vanni region. However, there remained almost half a million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the country.

01 May 2009 | Country Profile


Indonesia: In search of durable solutions for all

In early 2009, sometimes ten years after being first displaced by inter-communal violence opposing different ethnic or religious groups, or by separatist struggles between rebel groups and security forces, tens of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) in many provinces of Indonesia are still struggling to find durable solutions that would enable them to end their displacement.

20 March 2009 | Country Profile


Myanmar: No end in sight for internal displacement crisis

Displacement as a result of conflict and human rights violations continued in Myanmar in 2008. An estimated 66,000 people from ethnic minority communities in eastern Myanmar were forced to become displaced in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict and human rights abuses. As of October 2008, there were at least 451,000 people reported to be internally displaced in the rural areas of eastern Myanmar.

05 March 2009 | Country Profile


Eritrea: IDPs returned or resettled but border tensions remain

Despite the Algiers Peace Agreement and the decision of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission, there is a continuing impasse over the demarcation of the border between the two countries and the status of the town of Badme. This presents an ongoing serious risk of escalating tension and of renewed conflict that may have serious political and humanitarian consequences.

16 February 2009 | Country Profile


Yemen: Constrained response to protection needs of IDPs and returnees

Fighting between government forces and followers of the late Sheikh Badr Eddin al-Houth have led to displacement in northern Yemen at regular intervals since 2004, peaking during the latest round of conflict in June and July 2008. Though many returned to their places of origin following the end of hostilities in July 2008, large numbers were unable to return home.

22 January 2009 | Country Profile


Peru: Reparations begin but IDPs excluded

Eight years after the internal armed conflict in Peru ended, most internally displaced people (IDPs) have returned to their places of origin or have resettled elsewhere. According to a 2007 government ministry estimate, 150,000 people remained in the urban centres where they arrived after being forcibly displaced.

08 January 2009 | Country Profile


Challenges of forced displacement within Iraq

More than 2.8 million people were estimated to have been internally displaced in Iraq as of November 2008. Approximately 1.6 million were thought to have been displaced by sectarian and generalised violence since the Al Askari mosque bombing of February 2006, and approximately 190,000 more had been displaced by military operations and generalised violence from 2003 to 2005. An estimated 1.2 million were displaced by the policies of the former government of Saddam Hussein. In addition, it is estimated that more that two million Iraqis have sought refuge in neighbouring countries.

29 December 2008 | Country Profile


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