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IDMC

Palestinian Territories: West Bank Wall main cause of new displacement amid worsening humanitarian situation

Since 2005, internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel in connection with the construction of the West Bank Wall.

21 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Eritrea: Uncertain future for thousands of returning IDPs

The vast majority of the 1.1 million people displaced by the 1998-2000 border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have long gone home. But Ethiopia's refusal to accept the decision of an international arbitration commission has left some 40,000 Eritrean internally displaced people (IDPs) still unable to return. Discussions between the two countries and the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission (EEBC) in May 2006 ended without result, apart from the UN Security Council’s decision to further reduce the border monitoring presence of the UN Mission to Eritrea and Ethiopia (UNMEE). Precise IDP figures are unavailable, but the total was expected to fall throughout 2006 from the 2005 total of 45,000. The Eritrean government gave a figure of 8,900 households as of March 2006.

13 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Guatemala: Ten years after peace accords, key provisions benefiting the displaced remain unimplemented

The signing of a peace accord in 1996 marked the end of the 36-year-old civil war in Guatemala but not the end of the structural injustices that triggered it. Key commitments, such as the resettlement of the displaced, redistribution of land and compensation for the uprooted people and other victims of the conflict have as of June 2006 only to a very limited degree been implemented.

09 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Iraq: Sectarian violence, military operations spark new displacement, as humanitarian access deteriorates

An estimated 81,000 people were forced to flee their homes in a matter of two months by sectarian violence sparked by an attack on the Al-Ashkari shrine in Samarra in February. These newly-displaced people are in addition to more than one million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Iraq, the majority forced out by conflict and human rights violations under the former regime.

23 May 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Myanmar (Burma): Worst army attacks in years displace thousands

Human rights abuses in ethnic minority areas are the single most important cause of conflict-induced internal displacement in Burma and the scale of atrocities committed by the Burmese army is unparalleled within Asia.

10 May 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Zimbabwe: Government obstructs humanitarian access to displaced as new evictions loom

In May 2005, the Zimbabwean government initiated an extraordinary campaign of forced evictions and demolitions resulting in the internal displacement of an estimated 570,000 people, many of whom remain in transit camps and have limited access to assistance.

05 May 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Ethiopia: Government recognition of conflict IDPs crucial to addressing their plight

Internal displacement due to conflict occurs in different parts of Ethiopia. It is caused mainly by ethnic tensions exacerbated by the government’s regionalisation policy along ethnic lines, tight political control from the centre, and widespread resource shortages in a chronically food-insecure country.

26 April 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Croatia: Reforms come too late for most remaining ethnic Serb IDPs

The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. By December 2005, the total was considered to be between 5,000 and 7,000 including 1,700 ethnic Serbs. These figures disguise a huge disparity in return patterns between ethnic Serbs and Croats. While 99 per cent of the over 220,000 ethnic Croats displaced by the conflict have returned, little more than one-third of the over 300,000 ethnic Serb IDPs and refugees have been able to do so. In addition, about two-third of past returns are not sustainable, according to spot-checks and estimates by international organisations and NGOs.

18 April 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Still no end to displacement, despite political progress

Several hundred thousand internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees have returned home since 2003, due to the general improvement of security in Burundi, following the signing of ceasefire agreements between the government and several rebel groups. Hopes that the remaining rebel group, the National Liberation Forces (FNL), would make peace with the new government elected in mid-2005 have so far been disappointed.

11 April 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Bangladesh: Minorities increasingly at risk of displacement

Civil war and persecution of religious minorities have displaced hundreds of thousands of people in Bangladesh

28 March 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Democratic Republic of Congo: Some 40,000 flee ongoing fighting every month

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

01 March 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

India: Tens of thousands newly displaced in north-eastern and central states (February 2006)

The number of people known to be internally displaced by conflict in India exceeds 600,000. Insurgency and retaliatory operations by security forces are a major factor of displacement. Civilians have fled fighting and have sometimes been directly targeted by militant groups in Kashmir, the North-East and in several states of central India.

09 February 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Liberia: Future of returning IDPs is at critical juncture

Following Liberia’s credible elections in October 2005 there may at last be real cause for optimism for the hundreds of thousands of people displaced by fourteen years of civil war. While the new government of President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf has been taking the first steps towards economic and security sector reform, IDPs and refugees have been continuing to return home in large numbers.

09 February 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

India: Tens of thousands newly displaced in northeastern and central states (February 2006)

The number of people known to be internally displaced by conflict in India exceeds 600,000. Insurgency and retaliatory operations by security forces are a major factor of displacement. Civilians have fled fighting and have sometimes been directly targeted by militant groups in Kashmir, the North-East and in several states of central India.

09 February 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Window of opportunity for addressing one of the world’s worst internal displacement crises (January 2006)

The suffering of hundreds of thousands of people displaced in Somalia during almost 15 years of conflict has long been ignored by the international community. Over the past couple of years, however, and in particular during 2005, a certain dynamic has unfolded within Somalia and among the involved UN organisations.

02 January 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uganda: Relief efforts hampered in one of the world’s worst internal displacement crises

The situation endured by most of the nearly 2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in northern Uganda continues to worsen as rebel attacks have caused fresh human displacement. In early November a spate of attacks on humanitarian workers as well as renewed ambushes on civilians hindered relief operations to a displaced population heavily reliant on assistance.

12 December 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Afghanistan: Commitment to development key to return of remaining displaced people

Four years after the fall of the Taleban, an estimated 153,000 people remain displaced in Afghanistan, with the largest concentration in the south of the country near Kandahar.

02 December 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internal displacement in Côte d’Ivoire: a protection crisis

With the deepening political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire raising fears of a return to all-out conflict, the country’s estimated 500,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) face an increasingly precarious future. While South Africa’s mediation efforts have failed to narrow the gap between the government of President Laurent Gbagbo and the rebel Forces Nouvelles, and the transition period after the collapsed October 2005 elections giving particular cause for concern, many UN agencies and NGOs in the country have been finalising contingency plans for the “worst case scenario” entailing massive displacement and refugee flows into neighbouring countries.

07 November 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cote d'Ivoire (November 2005)

With the deepening political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire raising fears of a return to all-out conflict, the country’s estimated 500,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) face an increasingly precarious future. While South Africa’s mediation efforts have failed to narrow the gap between the government of President Laurent Gbagbo and the rebel Forces Nouvelles, and the transition period after the collapsed October 2005 elections giving particular cause for concern, many UN agencies and NGOs in the country have been finalising contingency plans for the “worst case scenario” entailing massive displacement and refugee flows into neighbouring countries.

07 November 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement (October 2005)

An estimated six million of Sudan’s more than 30 million citizens have been forced from their homes as a direct or indirect result of fighting between government troops and allied militias on the one hand and various insurgent groups on the other during the last few decades.

29 October 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Turkmenistan

Forced displacement is one of the many ways in which President-for-life Saparmurat Niyazov exercises authoritarian rule and control in Turkmenistan. Turkmen law contains a number of provisions which explicitly allow forced relocation to be used as punishment for certain crimes committed by civilians, however, in practice these laws are used as legal justification for the displacement of political opponents and ethnic minorities.

18 October 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Uzbekistan

In response to cross-border incursions by the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, a rebel group operating from neighbouring Tajikistan, the Uzbek government in 2000 and 2001 forcibly displaced several thousand villagers from the mountainous border region in southern Uzbekistan. The villagers were relocated to resettlement villages approximately 250 kilometres away in an open desert area.

18 October 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Serbia & Montenegro

An estimated 250,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) – mainly ethnic Serbs and Roma who fled within and out of Kosovo when Yugoslav forces withdrew in 1999 – are still unable to go back to their pre-war homes in the now UN-administered province. The overwhelming majority of IDPs live in Serbia, but smaller numbers have also found refuge in Montenegro and parts of Kosovo

27 September 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Philippines (September 2005)

The ceasefire agreed in July 2003 between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) – the main rebel group fighting for independence on the southern island of Mindanao – has been holding relatively well in the past two years and the absence of any major clashes has allowed for the return of the vast majority of the estimated 400,000 people displaced in 2003.

23 September 2005 | Country Profile

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