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Restoration of law and order allows for the return of the displaced

Although the majority of those displaced by the fighting have now returned home, the ethnic conflict has left an uneasy legacy

30 November 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Kenya: Tensions rise as government fails to address internal displacement

When the KANU (Kenya African National Union) government was voted out in December 2002 after almost 40 years in power, around 350,000 remaining internally displaced people (IDPs) regained hopes of returning to the land they had been forced to flee during the 1990s.

30 November 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Afghanistan: Drought and instability slow down IDP return

Nearly three years after the fall of the Taleban, conditions in Afghanistan still do not allow for the return of all the internally displaced people (IDPs). Although undeniable progress has been made in many sectors, for the majority of Afghans living outside Kabul, the last three years have certainly not brought about the changes in their living conditions they had hoped for.

25 October 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Zimbabwe: A hidden displacement crisis

Internal displacement in Zimbabwe – once the second richest country in sub-Saharan Africa – has been caused by various internal and external factors that have since the late 1990s assured the country’s severe economic and social decline. Population movements have become an increasingly visible and common reality against a backdrop of political violence and a critical humanitarian situation.

08 September 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Nepal: Up to 200,000 people displaced by fighting remain largely unassisted

One year after the collapse of a seven-month ceasefire between the monarchy and Maoist rebels in August 2003, Nepal is faced with both a deep crisis of governance and a renewed spate of fighting and violence all across the country.

08 September 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Lebanon: Renewed government attention needed to speed up return of IDPs

The Lebanese civil war of 1975–1990 and Israeli invasions in 1978 and 1982 displaced a total of almost one million people. When the civil war ended in 1990, some 500,000 people remained internally displaced, and Israeli attacks, particularly on south Lebanon, caused further displacement as late as 1996.

27 August 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Thousands displaced by house demolitions and Separation Barrier

Internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (Occupied Territories) has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel. Since Israel’s occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.

09 July 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia: Half a million IDPs wait to return, while fighting continues in Aceh

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), monitors conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. The Geneva-based Centre runs an online database providing comprehensive and regularly updated information and analysis on internal displacement in more than 50 countries.

09 July 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Croatia: Remaining 11,500 IDPs put off from returning by poor economic conditions

The official number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2004, the government reported that 11,493 people remained in a situation of internal displacement, including 9,791 ethnic Croats and 1,702 ethnic Serbs.

27 May 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Philippines: Peace talks between government and Muslim rebels must provide for return and reintegration of IDPs

It has now been a year since more than 400,000 civilians in the Philippines were forced to leave their homes and livelihoods, once again displaced by fighting between the government security forces and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

07 May 2004 | Overview

Republic of Moldova: Uncertainty about the integration of displaced from the Transdniestrian region

Following its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Moldova - one of the poorest countries in Europe - faced its own internal secessionist uprising as the Russian and Ukrainian population in the Transdniestrian region sought independence.

01 March 2004 | Overview

Fear prevents remaining IDPs from returning home

To ensure the success of returns in the country, it is necessary that the national authorities and the international community continue to monitor the needs of the remaining displaced population

26 February 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Afghanistan: Return of IDPs constrained by insecurity, land disputes and lack of aid

Persistent insecurity in many areas of the country and disputes related to land and property are major constraints to IDP return. The huge wave of IDPs returning home in 2002 has not been sustained during 2003, mainly because of continued instability, poor economic progress and harsh living conditions. Some 400,000 IDPs returned home in 2002, the majority without any assistance.

03 February 2004 | Overview

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