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IDMC

Relief efforts hampered in one of the world’s worst internal displacement crises

The situation endured by most of the nearly 2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in northern Uganda continues to worsen as rebel attacks have caused fresh human displacement.

12 December 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Commitment to development key to return of remaining displaced people

Four years after the fall of the Taleban, an estimated 153,000 people remain displaced in Afghanistan, with the largest concentration in the south of the country near Kandahar.

06 December 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Devastation holds back IDP return to south while continuing violence hampers aid operations in Darfur

An estimated six million of Sudan’s more than 30 million citizens have been forced from their homes as a direct or indirect result of fighting between government troops and allied militias on the one hand and various insurgent groups on the other during the last few decades.

31 October 2005 | Overview

Government uses forced displacement as tool of repression

Turkmen law contains a number of provisions which explicitly allow forced relocation to be used as punishment for certain crimes committed by civilians

18 October 2005 | Overview

Authorities deny return of several thousand villagers displaced from Tajik border

Although little information is available on the current conditions of Uzbekistan’s internally displaced people (IDPS), reports and anecdotal information suggest that IDPs continue to face difficulty sustaining their livelihoods

18 October 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Turkey: Government takes steps to facilitate return of displaced

Renewed clashes between government forces and Kurdish militants in south-eastern Turkey have raised fears of a return to violence in the two-decade-old conflict which led to the internal displacement of hundreds of thousands of people, most of them Kurds.

07 October 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Angola: IDP rehabilitation held back by devastated infrastructure

Since April 2002, close to four million internally displaced Angolans have gone home following the signing of a ceasefire agreement between the governing MPLA and UNITA, which marked the end of 27 years of civil war. However, a joint IDP assessment carried out by the United Nations and the Angolan government found that there are still more than 91,000 people who remain displaced as a result of the war.

04 October 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Philippines: Continued instability in Mindanao threatens IDP rehabilitation

The ceasefire agreed in July 2003 between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) – the main rebel group fighting for independence on the southern island of Mindanao – has been holding relatively well in the past two years and the absence of any major clashes has allowed for the return of the vast majority of the estimated 400,000 people displaced in 2003.

23 September 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Political instability hampers IDP return

The tsunami of December 2004 forced a million Sri Lankans from their homes, adding a new displacement crisis to that caused by the island's long-running civil war. As of mid-2005, some 800,000 people remained displaced, 450,000 from the natural disaster and 350,000 from the human conflict.

01 September 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Liberia: Rushed IDP return before elections brings voluntariness into question

With the October 2005 elections in Liberia looming, the official IDP return process has been proceeding at full speed. In August, the UN reported that more than 203,000 IDPs had been assisted to return – leaving a total of about 111,000 living in camps and spontaneous settlements.

25 August 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Burundi: Improving political and security situation encourages IDP return

Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority.

15 August 2005 | Overview

IDMC

DR Congo: Renewed fighting, killings, rapes slow down IDP return and cause new displacement

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are believed to have died as a result of the conflict which was accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

29 July 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Nepal: Displacement crisis worsens in wake of royal coup

Nearly six months after King Gyanendra assumed direct power and declared a state of emergency in February 2005, Nepal is faced with both a deep crisis of governance and a renewed spate of fighting and violence all across the country.

14 July 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Iraq: Insecurity and lack of shelter exacerbate internal displacement crisis

Decades of conflict and human rights abuses have caused the displacement of more than a million people within Iraq. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) were forcibly displaced under the previous regime, which targeted communities perceived to be in political opposition as well as using forcible displacement as one of its tactics to strengthen control of resource-rich areas.

11 July 2005 | Overview

Ensuring durable solutions for Rwanda's displaced: A chapter closed too early

More than four years after the issue of internal displacement was taken off the agenda in Rwanda, conditions in the villages inhabited by the resettled IDPs call for renewed attention to the question of whether internal displacement has ended with the implementation of durable solutions, as required by the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.

08 July 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Burma: Displacement continues unabated in one of the world’s worst IDP situations

The internal displacement crisis in Burma affects mainly ethnic minority groups, and is particularly acute along the border with Thailand. The military regime’s objective of increasing control over minority areas through a policy of forced assimilation and repression of autonomy movements has resulted in decades of conflict that has devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians.

27 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

No progress on ensuring respect for the rights of displaced indigenous people

In 1994, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the “Zapatistas”, launched an uprising in the south-eastern state of Chiapas with the stated goal of improving land and social rights for the marginalised indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded by sending in troops and creating paramilitary cells from among the local population as part of a low-intensity war strategy.

20 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Eritrea: Border deadlock and under-funding perpetuate IDP plight

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought. A bitter border conflict with Ethiopia has remained suspended since a peace agreement signed in Algiers in 2000.

17 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Thousands remain displaced after military operations in South Waziristan

Up to 50,000 people were internally displaced due to security operations by the Pak istani military in South Waziristan during 2004 and an undetermined number remain internally displaced today. Since March 2004, some 70,000 troops have been based in the region to remove foreign fighters suspected of “terrorist” activities and seeking shelter among the tribal population.

10 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Displaced Arabs have little grounds for optimism, despite small Bedouin success

Tens of thousands of Arab villagers became displaced within Israel on the destruction of their communities during the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbours. Among them, the Bedouin suffered several further waves of internal displacement after the war, and continue to live in particular hardship.

02 June 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Colombia: Government response to IDPs under fire as conflict worsens

Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year-long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been internally displaced since 1985. The Colombian internal displacement crisis is the world’s worst after Sudan, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who are among the country’s poorest.

27 May 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia: Post-tsunami assistance risks neglecting reintegration needs of conflict-induced IDPs

Almost half a year after the tsunami hit the shores of Aceh and North Sumatra province, killing more than 200,000 people and displacing over 500,000, assistance is now slowly shifting from a humanitarian to a rehabilitation and reconstruction phase.

26 May 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Central African Republic: Lawlessness outside capital continues to cause small-scale internal displacement

Most of the 200,000 people internally displaced by the fighting which culminated in the coup d’état of Maarch 2003 have reportedly returned to their homes or integrated with the resident population in the capital Bangui.

26 May 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Ethiopia: Border war and ethnic clashes leave over 150,000 internally displaced

There is no available official number of people internally displaced by conflict in Ethiopia. This is mainly due to the fact that information on internal displacement provided by the federal government on the one hand and the local authorities on the other is contradictory.

13 May 2005 | Overview

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