Fierce fighting between NATO troops and insurgents in southern Afghanistan has sent tens of thousands of people fleeing from their homes in a new wave of displacement. Although numbers are unverified, the government said that more than 20,000 families had been displaced due to the fighting in the provinces of Helmand, Kandahar and Uruzgan as of November 2006.
22 December 2006 | Overview
Some 200,000 people are estimated to remain in a situation of internal displacement in Lebanon following the hostilities between the Shiite militant and political organisation Hizbollah and Israeli security forces in summer 2006.
15 December 2006 | Overview
The protracted armed conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has escalated dramatically since the beginning of 2006, with an estimated 3,300 people having been killed and over 200,000 internally dis-placed, in addition to the hundreds of thousands uprooted earlier on in the conflict and by the tsunami of December 2004.
16 November 2006 | Overview
Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting be-tween rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by wide-spread human rights violations.
31 October 2006 | Overview
More than ten years after the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, there are still some 180,200 people internally displaced in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Further to a re-registration exercise completed by the authorities in 2005, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) dropped from 309,000 at the end of 2004 to 187,000 in Spring 2005.
25 October 2006 | Overview
Nearly six months after nationwide protests forced the king to end 14 months of absolute rule and the Maoists rebels called a ceasefire, only a few thousand people have reportedly returned to their homes, the majority of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) preferring to wait for better security guarantees and more assistance to make the journey home.
16 October 2006 | Overview
Army operations targeting insurgent groups in Waziristan and Balochistan are the main causes of conflict-induced displacement in Pakistan today. There is no official information on the number of people displaced and access of journalists and aid workers to the affected areas is tightly restricted.
10 October 2006 | Overview
With the impossibility of holding elections by 31 October as scheduled, and the unwillingness of politicians to unblock the deepening impasse in the peace process, Côte d’Ivoire’s 750,000 IDPs are increasingly in need of protection and assistance.
09 October 2006 | Overview
The take-over by the Islamist Court Union (ICU) of Mogadishu and large parts of Somalia’s centre and south have added a high degree of unpredictability to an already very precarious political situation. The effect on humanitarian activities for over two million vulnerable people, including an estimated 400,000 people internally displaced by drought and conflict remains very uncertain.
02 October 2006 | Overview
Despite the scarcity of information on the numbers, it is estimated that during 2005 more than 65 percent of the people displaced from their homes in the southern region of Casamance were able to return.
25 September 2006 | Overview
Ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Since internal dis-placement in Nigeria is often short-term, and most IDPs seek refuge with host families, data on the scope of the problem is scarce and no accurate estimates of the current number of IDPs exist.
21 September 2006 | Overview
Tens of thousands of people displaced from Georgia's secessionist territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been living in limbo for more than a decade, waiting for an elusive solution to conflicts which broke out in the early 1990s. The majority of the 220,000-240,000 displaced have found refuge in the region bordering Abkhazia and in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi.
01 September 2006 | Overview
More than one year after the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which ended 21 years of civil war between the central government and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army, there are still an estimated five million internally displaced people in Sudan, including 1.8 million from the separate conflict in the western Darfur region.
17 August 2006 | Overview
In the wake of the peace agreement signed in August 2005 between Acehnese separatist rebels and the government, putting an end to 30 years of conflict in Indonesia's westernmost province of Aceh, thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) who were forced to leave their homes during the conflict started returning.
19 July 2006 | Overview
Conflict between the government and insurgent groups displaced at least one million Algerians between 1992 and 2002. Fighting and attacks targeting the civil population forced large numbers to flee rural areas and find security in nearby urban centres.
04 July 2006 | Overview
Between 1.7 and two million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), as continued insecurity caused by Karamojong warriors has resulted in new displacement in the eastern part of the country.
30 June 2006 | Overview
Since 2005, internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel in connection with the construction of the West Bank Wall.
21 June 2006 | Overview
The vast majority of the 1.1 million people displaced by the 1998-2000 border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have long gone home. But Ethiopia's refusal to accept the decision of an international arbitration commission has left some 40,000 Eritrean internally displaced people (IDPs) still unable to return.
13 June 2006 | Overview
After almost four years of seemingly intractable political crisis that has kept Côte d’Ivoire split in half and some 700,000 IDPs in government-controlled areas, there may at last be room for a small glimmer of optimism about the prospects of peace.
09 June 2006 | Overview
The signing of a peace accord in 1996 marked the end of the 36-year-old civil war in Guatemala but not the end of the structural injustices that triggered it. Key commitments, such as the resettlement of the displaced, redistribution of land and compensation for the uprooted people and other victims of the conflict have as of June 2006 only to a very limited degree been implemented.
06 June 2006 | Overview
An estimated 81,000 people were forced to flee their homes in a matter of two months by sectarian violence sparked by an attack on the Al-Ashkari shrine in Samarra in February. These newly-displaced people are in addition to more than one million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Iraq, the majority forced out by conflict and human rights violations under the former regime.
23 May 2006 | Overview
Human rights abuses in ethnic minority areas are the single most important cause of conflict-induced internal displacement in Burma and the scale of atrocities committed by the Burmese army is unparalleled within Asia.
12 May 2006 | Overview
In May 2005, the Zimbabwean government initiated an extraordinary campaign of forced evictions and demolitions resulting in the internal displacement of an estimated 570,000 people, many of whom remain in transit camps and have limited access to assistance. The campaign, known as Operation Murambatsivina, or Operation Restore Order, targeted informal settlements and business structures in urban areas throughout the country.
05 May 2006 | Overview
Internal displacement due to conflict occurs in different parts of Ethiopia. It is caused mainly by ethnic tensions exacerbated by the government’s regionalisation policy along ethnic lines, tight political control from the centre, and widespread resource shortages in a chronically food-insecure country.
26 April 2006 | Overview