Iraq: Challenges of forced displacement

More than 2.8 million people were estimated to have been internally displaced in Iraq as of November 2008. Approximately 1.6 million were thought to have been displaced by sectar-ian and generalised violence since the Al Askari mosque bombing of February 2006, and approximately 190,000 more had been displaced by military operations and generalised violence from 2003 to 2005.

28 December 2008 | Overview


No durable solutions for internally displaced yet

Widespread violence following the December 2007 elections, which were marred by accusations of election irregularities, displaced up to 600,000 people in Kenya.

23 December 2008 | Overview


New and protracted displacement ongoing in absence of formalised response

In 2007-2008, civilians in various parts of India continued to be displaced by internal armed conflict and separatist, ethnic or communal violence, as well as conflict stemming from the threat of development-induced displacement. Over one third of the country’s 608 districts were affected by insurgent movements in 2007.

22 December 2008 | Overview


Nigeria: Unresolved conflicts cause ongoing displacement

With a complex range of ethnic, religious and linguistic groups competing for access to resources, outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of short-term internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria. Many internally displaced people (IDPs) seek refuge with family and friends while waiting for the violence to subside so they can return to their homes.

12 December 2008 | Overview


Focus on North Kivu Province: IDPs on the move face grave human rights violations

At least 250,000 people have left their homes or places of displacement in North Kivu since the end of August 2008, following large-scale fighting between the forces of rebel leader Laurent Nkunda and the Congolese army and other armed groups.

21 November 2008 | Overview


Displaced people still struggling to lead a normal life

Up to 136,000 people remain displaced in Russia more than fifteen years after the begin ning of armed conflict in the republics of the north Caucasus. Hundreds of thousands of people fled their homes as a result of an inter-ethnic conflict in North Ossetia in 1992 and separatist and counter-terrorist conflicts in Chechnya in 1994 and 1999.

12 November 2008 | Overview


Côte d’Ivoire: Road to national recovery and durable solutions still long

Thanks to some progress in the implementation of the Ouagadougou Peace Accord, inter-nally displaced people (IDPs) in Côte d’Ivoire have continued to return home throughout the second half of 2008.

05 November 2008 | Overview


Focus shifts to securing durable solutions for IDPs

Significant improvements in the security situation in northern Uganda have allowed about half of the more than 1.8 million people who had been internally displaced by the conflict to return to their villages, while another quarter have moved to transit sites nearer to their homes.

03 November 2008 | Overview


IDPs returning home, but to ongoing poverty and lack of access to basic services

Two years after violent conflict erupted in Dili in May 2006, some of the 100,000 people who remained displaced in April 2008 have started returning home. About a third of these internally displaced people (IDPs) were in camps in the capital, and the rest with relatives and friends in the districts where they had sought refuge after the violence.

31 October 2008 | Overview


Increasing hardship and limited support for growing displaced population

Hundreds of thousands of people in Afghanistan have been internally displaced by armed conflict, ethnic tensions or human rights violations, natural disasters such as drought, or secondary dis-placement in the case of refugees and deportees who have returned from neighbouring countries.

28 October 2008 | Overview


Rate of new displacement highest in two decades

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had by June 2008 displaced 2,649,139 people according to the government, and 4,361,355 people according to a reliable non-governmental source. An alarming trend of rising internal displacement has been registered since 2006, and the highest rate of displacement in 23 years was recorded in the first semester of 2008.

17 October 2008 | Overview


Escalating displacement in North Kivu despite ceasefire agreement

Fighting between Congolese armed forces and dissident troops and militias, as well as widespread human rights violations committed by all groups, has caused the dis-placement of at least 150,000 people in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from January to July 2008, mostly in North Kivu province.

30 September 2008 | Overview


Forced displacement continues

Forced displacement has a long history in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), as both a consequence and root cause of the Israeli-Palestinian/Arab conflict over resources and land.

10 September 2008 | Overview


Georgia: Tentative return of some of the people who fled August 2008 conflict

Two weeks after military offensives by Georgia and the Russian Federation, thousands of the 150,000 or more ethnic Georgians and Ossetians who had fled the conflict had returned home by 26 August. Ethnic Georgians have so far only been able to return to towns such as Gori, but not to South Ossetia proper.

29 August 2008 | Overview

Broader and improved support for durable solutions required

The lack of adequate support to return and the reluctance of national and international authorities to promote other durable solutions is preventing IDPs and returnees resuming their life

28 August 2008 | Overview


Returns in the east but new displacements in the north

The protracted armed conflict in Sri Lanka between government forces and the rebel Libera-tion Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has led to 70,000 deaths and the internal displacement of over one million people. At present almost half a million people, out of the country’s popula-tion of 21 million, remain as internally displaced person (IDPs).

27 August 2008 | Overview


Georgia: At least 128,000 people internally displaced by renewed conflict

Hundreds of people have been killed and at least 158,000 ethnic Georgians and Ossetians have fled their homes in South Ossetia and Georgia, due to military offensives by Georgia and the Russian Federation over the last week. Among them, 128,000 found refuge in Georgia proper and in South Ossetia, while 30,000 are estimated to have fled to North Ossetia in the Russian Federation.

21 August 2008 | Overview


Twelve years after conflict, few solutions for IDPs or other victims

Almost twelve years after the end of Guatemala’s 36-year civil war in 1996, the merit of con-sidering internally displaced people (IDPs) separately is open to debate. Some claim that the many problems still shared by IDPs and other groups of victims render the category obsolete, but others argue that the number of forcibly displaced people still unable to regain their land or reintegrate elsewhere means the distinction remains important.

12 August 2008 | Overview


Displacement increases as Mindanao’s peace process stumbles on

Fighting and displacement in the Philippines have increased in the past two years. From less than 100,000 in 2006, the number of people displaced by conflict reached 170,000 in 2007 and has exceeded 290,000 during 2008. Most are in the southern region of Mindanao, where the government has been fighting secessionist Moro (Muslim) rebels groups for the past 30 years

08 August 2008 | Overview


Massive displacement and humanitarian need

Through 2007 and 2008, the security and humanitarian situation in Somalia has continued to deteriorate. Fighting between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces and their Ethiopian allies, and insurgents including the Islamic Courts Union, has led to displacement on a scale never before witnessed in the country. Displacement caused by insecurity and con-flict has continued in and around Mogadishu, with the IDP population reaching 1.1 million.

29 July 2008 | Overview


Displaced, again

Over 24,000 people, mainly Palestine refugees and a small number of Lebanese remain dis-placed from Nahr el-Bared camp in northern Lebanon following three months of fighting there in 2007 between Fatah al-Islam and the Lebanese army. To date, small numbers of refugees have been able to return to their homes in areas adjacent to the camp also affected by the fighting.

23 July 2008 | Overview


IDPs still trapped in poverty and dependence

Almost 15 years after signing a ceasefire agreement, Azerbaijan and Armenia have yet to re-solve the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. In the absence of a peace agreement, some 570,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) are still prevented from returning to their homes in Azerbaijan.

14 July 2008 | Overview


Sustainability of IDP returns undermined by lack of assistance

More than 18 months after peace agreement between Maoist rebels and the Nepalese government, and estimated 50,000 to 70,000 people displaced by ten years of civil war remain unable to return to their homes. Most are prevented from doing so by unresolved land and property issues, insecurity and a lack of assistance from the government.

18 June 2008 | Overview


Internally displaced Burundians should not be forgotten during the peace building process

Despite a marked improvement in the security situation in Burundi in recent years, some 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in settlements throughout the country, in addition to an unknown number living with host families. Many IDPs seem to have to a large extent integrated into the communities of neighbouring towns and villages, but there is little information on their situation, their needs or their aspirations.

19 May 2008 | Overview


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