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IDMC

Gaza offensive adds to scale of displacement Overview

According to the UN, 2009 marked one of the most violent periods experienced by the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza since the occupation began in 1967. The three-week Israeli offensive in Gaza launched in December 2008 cost the lives of over 1,000 Palestinians and led to the displacement of over 100,000 people.

30 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

IDPs still seeking housing solutions and documentation to access their rights

In 2008 Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The United Nations General Assem bly subsequently voted to refer the independence declaration to the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion. As of December 2009, 64 countries had recognised Kosovo. For the pur-pose of this overview references to the situation in “Serbia” since 2008 do not include Kosovo.

29 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

23 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Central African Republic: New displacement due to ongoing conflict and banditry

Internal armed conflict between government forces and various armed groups in northern areas of the Central African Republic (CAR) caused the internal displacement of over 200,000 people by 2007. F

22 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

IDPs in east facing continuing violence and hardship

Around 168,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad in September 2009, as a result of conflict and human rights abuses related to tensions between Chad and Sudan, in-ternal armed conflict, and inter-ethnic attacks against civilians. This number had fallen slightly from a 2008 high of 185,000, about one fifth of the population of eastern Chad.

21 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Political and security crises, access limits and donor cuts increasing IDP vulnerability

Political stalemate, security crisis and the continuing conflict in Somalia between the UN-backed coalition government and armed opposition groups continue to expose internally displaced people (IDPs) to violations of their rights under international humanitarian and human rights law.

10 December 2009 | Overview

IDPs have returned home, but the challenge of reintegration is just beginning

Lack of accurate data gathered in post-return monitoring makes it difficult to assess the extent to which returnees have been able to achieve durable solutions

09 December 2009 | Overview

Violence and inequality still blocking solutions for IDPs

Many of the country’s IDPs have returned or resettled, but they continue to face poverty and new struggles to access land

08 December 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

02 December 2009 | Overview

Short-term and protracted displacements following various conflicts

Like other Arabs in Israel, IDPs became Israeli citizens. However, their freedom of movement was severely restricted

30 November 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Nigeria: No end to internal displacement

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

19 November 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Continuing humanitarian concerns and obstacles to durable solutions for recent and longer-term IDPs

The protracted armed conflict in Sri Lanka between government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ended in May 2009. The final intense stages of combat were conducted predominantly in the northern LTTE-controlled Vanni region.

10 November 2009 | Overview

Need for continued improvement in response to protracted displacement

Prevailing insecurity in the south-east, the continuing presence of village guard militias and of mines, and under-development continue to act as barriers to return for IDPs

26 October 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Long-term IDPs need land security

The security situation in Burundi improved markedly after the last rebel group in the country laid down its arms at the end of 2008. However, up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in sites in northern and central Burundi. Most of them, displaced in the 1990s or early 2000s, have integrated in the neighbouring towns and villages they fled to, and the majority reportedly wish to remain in these sites.

20 October 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Monitoring of IDPs and returnees still needed

At least 80,000 people are still internally displaced in Russia, more than 15 years after they were first forced to flee their homes. While large-scale hostilities ended several years ago, violence is still extensive in the North Caucasus and human rights abuses continue with perpetrators enjoying impunity.

12 October 2009 | Overview

National reconciliation fails to address needs of IDPs

Although Algeria was affected by large-scale displacement caused by conflict between 1992 and 2002, IDPs were not a priority for the government during or after the conflict

29 September 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Difficulties continue for people displaced by successive conflicts

A number of displacement situations have persisted in Lebanon since the 1975-1990 civil war, invasions and an 18-year occupation of southern Lebanon by Israel, a 33-day war in July 2006 between Israel and Hezbollah, the destruction in 2007 of the Nahr el-Bared camp for Palestinian refugees, and localised sectarian violence in 2008.

28 September 2009 | Overview

Peace and oil dividends fail to benefit remaining IDPs and other vulnerable populations

A quarter of the population were internally displaced during the 1990s by armed conflict in the Pool region between government forces and rebels

25 September 2009 | Overview

Lull in conflict favours return in the north

Since the conflict between the Nigerien government and Tuareg groups intensified in 2007 following the creation of the Mouvement Nigérien pour la Justice, around 11,000 people have been displaced from their homes in mountainous areas north of Agadez.

08 September 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government.

03 September 2009 | Overview

Housing rights and employment still preventing durable solutions

Over the past three years the number of IDPs in Croatia has remained steady, indicating that the remaining few have been unable to resolve their status by returning to their place of origin or integrating locally

01 September 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Returns outpace recovery planning

Since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in 2006, about two thirds of the 1.8 million IDPs who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin.

19 August 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Constrained response to protection needs of IDPs and returnees

Fighting between government forces and followers of the late Sheikh Badr Eddin al-Houth have led to displacement in northern Yemen at regular intervals since 2004, peaking during the latest round of conflict in June and July 2008. Though many returned to their places of origin following the end of hostilities in July 2008, large numbers were unable to return home.

22 July 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Indigenous people and religious minorities still affected by displacement

Armed conflict and human rights violations including forced evictions and government policies discriminating against religious minorities have displaced at least tens of thousands of people in Bangladesh.

16 July 2009 | Overview

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