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IDMC

Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations. Only an estimated 182,000 IDPs remain in camps or transit sites as of December 2010.

28 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Durable solutions elusive as southern IDPs return and Darfur remains tense

At the end of 2010 at least 4.5 million people were internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten states of Southern Sudan.

23 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Ten years after displacement, returns remain stalled but integration prospects improving

In 2008 Kosovo adopted a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) from Serbia. The United Nations General Assembly subsequently referred the UDI to the International Court of Justice, which issued a July 2010 advisory opinion affirming that it was “in accordance with international law.”

22 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

21 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Central Sulawesi: IDP return and recovery hampered by persistent tensions, land disputes and limited access to livelihoods

From the end of 1998 to 2002 there were several waves of conflict in the province of Central Sulawesi between Christians and Muslims. The cause lay in competition for land, employment and political influence at a time when post-Suharto Indonesia was in the early stages of democratic transition and decentralisation.

15 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Political wrangling leaves around 2.8 million displaced Iraqis with no durable solutions in sight

Seven years after the March 2003 US-led invasion, Iraq remains deeply divided. Iraqis have been internally displaced in three periods: either under the former Ba’ath government; from the March 2003 invasion until the February 2006 Samarra bombing; and since then. Today, one in ten Iraqi is still internally displaced, totaling 2.8 million people.

14 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Government response improves but still fails to meet needs of growing IDP population

Colombia’s long-standing internal armed conflict and the human rights abuses perpetrated by combatants and illegal armed groups had by 2010 caused the displacement of 3.4 million people according to the government, and over 4.9 million people according to the reliable non-governmental Observatory on Human Rights and Displacement (CODHES).

10 December 2010 | Overview

After some 20 years, IDPs still face barriers to self-reliance

IDPs’ main concern is their inadequate living conditions as many still live in dilapidated public buildings and makeshift accommodation, some with poor security of tenure

10 December 2010 | Overview

Security remains fragile ahead of UN troop withdrawal and presidential election

Civilians have suffered a range of abuses, including killings, the looting and burning of villages, destruction of fields, loss of livelihoods, sexual violence and the abduction and recruitment of children.

01 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Kalimantan: New ethnic-related displacement while earlier IDPs struggle to make return sustainable

In late September 2010, an estimated 32,000 people fled their homes in Tarakan, a city in the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, following inter-ethnic violence between indigenous Dayak Tidung and Bugis, migrants from South Sulawesi. Bugis comprised the majority of people internally displaced by the conflict.

22 November 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Papua: Papuans displaced by military operations in the central highlands remain unassisted

Since May 2010 and particularly in May and June, an unknown number of Papuans, ranging from several hundreds to several thousands, have been reported to be internally displaced in the central highlands region of Puncak Jaya, where the government of Indonesia has been conducting counter-insurgency operations against rebels of the OPM (Free Papua Movement).

13 October 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Côte d’Ivoire: Quest for durable solutions continues as the electoral process moves forward

While the implementation of the Ouagadougou Peace Accord saw some progress in mid- 2010, in particular with the announcement of a new date for the elections and agreement on the voter list, fears of renewed violence and further displacement remain. At the same time, internally displaced people (IDPs) continue to struggle for durable solutions

22 September 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Aceh: IDPs and returnees still face significant recovery and reintegration needs

Five years after the Helsinki agreement put an end to a 30-year long conflict between the armed forces and Acehnese separatists, tens of thousands of people have yet to return to their homes in Aceh province, Indonesia. The most recent available data suggests that there may still be as many as 146,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Aceh, and more who fled to neighbouring provinces.

08 September 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Flooding worsens situation for people displaced by conflict in north-west

Internal displacement in Pakistan’s north-western Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa (KP) has continued for at least six years, but reached a massive scale from 2008 to 2009. As of the end of July 2010, there were around two million internally displaced people (IDPs), 1.4 million of them registered by the government.

06 September 2010 | Overview

National and state authorities failing to protect IDPs

With no national policy to respond to internal displacement, he responsibility for protecting and assisting them generally falls on state authorities, resulting in wide discrepancies between responses from one state to another

02 September 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/West Timor: Durable solutions still out of reach for many “new citizens” from former East Timor province

In 2010, nearly 11 years after being displaced from what was then East Timor province, several thousand people remain in camps in West Timor, in the province of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). Most camps are located near the border with what became Timor-Leste in 2002, or around Kupang, the provincial capital.

25 August 2010 | Overview

IDMC

IDPs facing international neglect

Following intermittent clashes between Al-Houthi groups and the Yemeni government in July 2009, the situation in Sa’ada governorate escalated into open conflict in the sixth round of hostilities since 2004. Tens of thousands of people were displaced from Sa’ada and Amran governorates, adding to those displaced by previous rounds of fighting. For many, it was their second or third displacement over the last few years.

03 August 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Displacement and worsening humanitarian situation as a result of ongoing violence and conflict

Renewed fighting in Mogadishu and other areas of Somalia since May 2009 has displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians and also exacerbated the already desperate humanitarian situation of existing internally displaced people (IDPs), in particular the children and women among them.

30 July 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Prevailing insecurity blocking solutions for IDPs

Around 170,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad and living in 38 camps in mid-2010, as a result of internal armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence over land and natural resources, and attacks by bandits against civilians. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) had little or no means of sustaining themselves, making humanitarian assistance vital.

02 July 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Philippines: IDP return still hampered by insecurity and lack of assistance

Nearly a year after a ceasefire agreement between the government and the rebels of the Muslim Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) put an end to renewed fighting in the southern island of Mindanao, some 26,000 families remain displaced in June 2010.

28 June 2010 | Overview

New displacement and challenges to durable solutions in Casamance

New clashes between the Senegalese army and members of the separatist Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC) have caused new displacements since 2009 and hindered durable solutions for long-term internally displaced people (IDPs).

10 June 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Speedy reform needed to deal with past injustices and prevent future displacement

In early 2008, an estimated 650,000 Kenyans were displaced and a further 1,300 lost their lives during two months of intense communal violence after the announcement of presidential and parliamentary election results.

10 June 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Rising inter-tribal violence in the south and renewed clashes in Darfur cause new waves of displacement

As of May 2010, at least 4.9 million people are internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten States of Southern Sudan, with unknown numbers of internally displaced people in the other northern and eastern States.

27 May 2010 | Overview

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