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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Turkmenistan

Since 2002, President Saparmurat Niyazov has increased Turkmenistan’s international isolation by making forced relocation an official means of oppression of those he views as disloyal to his regime. With the adoption of special decrees in November 2002 and January 2003, internal displacement has become a serious threat to the ethnic Uzbek minority in the country.

21 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Turkey’s desire to be part of the European Union, and the reforms it is currently undergoing in order to be considered for entry, are seen by many as a “window of opportunity” to improve its human rights record, particularly where minority and IDP rights are concerned Indeed, in 2002 the UN Special Representative on IDPs, following his visit to the country, noted a change in the Government’s attitude.

16 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Uzbekistan

Approximately 3,000 persons remain displaced as of 2003, as a result of forced transfer from their villages along the border with Tajikistan by the government of Uzbekistan. Since their displacement in 2000, these people have been living in destitute villages which the government has hastily put up for their relocation.

03 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan

Insecurity and lack of assistance are major constraints to IDP return. Continued instability, poor economic progress and harsh living conditions have meant the huge wave of IDPs returning home in 2002 has not been sustained in the first half of this year.

01 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile Internal Displacement: Burundi (June 2003)

As fierce fighting in Burundi has surged in recent months in defiance of the December 2002 ceasefire agreements, civilians are once again suffering displacement, death and disease. The smooth handover of power to a Hutu president, Domitien Ndayizeye, by his Tutsi predecessor Pierre Buyoya on 1 May 2003, has also failed to halt the conflict that has killed an estimated 300,000 people since its outbreak in 1993.

23 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (June 2003)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid-1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and unrelenting attacks by LRA troops in Kitgum, Pader and Gulu have displaced close to 200.000 additional people between July-August 2002 and May 2003 (OCHA August 2002, May 2003).

23 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement

Despite hopes raised by the peace deal and cease fire signed in October 2002, Somalis continue to flee a war unabated for over ten years. About 350,000 persons are internally displaced, about 5 percent of the Somali population. Most displaced are from southern minority groups and continue to suffer political and economic discrimination.

07 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Armenia

The Government of Armenia estimates that around 72,000 people are internally displaced as a result of the war with Azerbaijan over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh (1992-1994). This figure includes an undetermined number of refugees from Azerbaijan who were initially settled inside Armenia and then became displaced again due to military operations in the border areas (UNHCHR 6 November 2000, paras 9, 11).

03 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cyprus

The crisis of internal displacement in Cyprus is almost 30 years old, the longest-standing in Europe and in the world. However, the situation of IDPs in Cyprus differs radically from other populations caught in protracted displacement, as most humanitarian consequences of the crisis on the displaced population have long been solved.

03 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria

Internal displacement in Nigeria was already in the headlines 30 years ago, when some two million people died and several millions became internally displaced during the Biafran war (1967-1970). While displacement of this magnitude has not reappeared since then, Nigeria has over the past four years seen a dramatic increase in communal violence.

28 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia (May 2003)

Despite persistent tension in Indonesia's conflict areas, large numbers of displaced people have returned to their homes since mid-2002 owing to relative stability in the country. The total number of IDPs is now 700,000, down from an estimated 1.3 million in summer 2002. The returnees are struggling to rebuild their lives, while many others displaced cannot return due to continued insecurity.

21 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

20 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic (May 2003)

Since its independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been an unstable country. Despite the economic potential of its natural resources (diamonds, gold, uranium and timber) and favourable environmental conditions for farming, CAR remains one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half of its 3.7 million inhabitants live in rural areas. Consequently, the ongoing conflict has hit people particularly hard in rural areas, as well as in Bangui and its suburb. The political, economical and social situation has worsened since the mid-1990s. Since 1996, people have regularly been forced to flee because of the violence associated with repeated mutinies, attempted military coups and prolonged fighting between government forces and rebels, including arbitrary killings and sexual violence.

14 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

The number of internally displaced people in Colombia has soared, and their plight has worsened as the new government pursues military solutions to the country's conflict, allowing armed groups to deliberately displace civilians. The IDP crisis was already one of the world's worst, disproportionately affecting Colombia's black and indigenous populations, hitting border areas and cities like never before.

14 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Azerbaijan

The large number of internally displaced persons in Azerbaijan has been the most visible sign of the unsettled conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh. Almost 10 years after the ceasefire agreement in 1994, more than 570,000 persons displaced from Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding districts under Armenian occupation continue to live in very precarious conditions, compared to the rest of the population.

05 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nepal: Displaced and ignored

More than 100,000 people have been internally displaced in Nepal in the last two years; but these internally displaced people (IDPs) remain largely unrecognised, receiving little assistance to cope with their displacement.

16 April 2003 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nepal (April 2003)

More than 100,000 people have been internally displaced in Nepal in the last two years; but these internally displaced people (IDPs) remain largely unrecognised, receiving little assistance to cope with their displacement.

16 April 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (April 2003)

Some 220,000 internally displaced Sierra Leoneans were resettled in their areas of origin by the end of 2002, according to UN figures, officially ending the situation of internal displacement in the country and further consolidating its recovery after more than a decade of devastating civil war.

03 April 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2003)

In 1993, Ethiopia and Eritrea, a former Ethiopian province, separated on good terms, thereby creating two sovereign states. In May 1998, however, tensions over a region under Ethiopian administration escalated into an all-out war, with Ethiopia accusing Eritrea of invading its territory.

17 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guatemala

Although the conflict in Guatemala has by and large abated, there was a resurgence of civil patrols (paramilitaries) activity, especially in the departments of El Quiché and Baja Verapaz, according to Amnesty International (AI, 4 September 2002).

17 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (March 2003)

Russia should stop pressing internally displaced persons (IDPs) to return to Chechnya, and hold its forces to account for rights violations in the war-torn republic. Chechen IDPs in Ingushetia have been under constant pressure from Russian and Ingush authorities to go back to Chechnya, where civilians have faced widespread violence and severe human rights violations.

10 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

The tens of thousands of Palestinians who became displaced within Israel following the destruction of their localities as a result of the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbors have received little international attention compared to the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who became refugees.

27 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq

As many as 900,000 people could be displaced within Iraq as a result of a military intervention, according to UN estimates (UN OCHA 7 Jan 03, p10). The majority of the displaced would probably flee from the centre and the south of the country to northern Iraq, in the zone controlled by Iraqi Kurdish authorities. Internal displacement could result from fighting, but also from deliberate war strategy. The Iraqi regime could force people living in the South to flee, for instance by spreading the rumor that weapons of mass destruction will be used to generate panic and instigate large scale flight (CHC 23 Dec 02).

25 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (February 2003)

Displaced Chechens face mounting pressure to return to their homeland, despite widespread insecurity in the war-torn republic and Russian government promises not to force people back. Some 5,000 people have returned to Chechnya already this year under a new campaign by Chechen, Ingush and Moscow authorities to return all Chechens by the end of 2002. Several tent camps for displaced people have been closed down.

20 February 2003 | Country Profile

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