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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic

More than a year after the coup of March 2003, which followed six months of intense fighting, insecurity and small-scale displacement persist. The new "Transitional Government" is planning elections for January 2005 but has not succeeded in restoring state structures and peace sufficiently to allow people to resume pursuit of normal livelihoods.

04 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

At the height of the (1998-2000) border war with Ethiopia there were 1.1 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Eritrea. This number has fallen but there are still 60,000 people who cannot return home because of the tensions that persist around the border demarcation process. The physical marking out of the frontier, originally scheduled to start in May 2003, has been delayed indefinitely.

03 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

There are some 130,000 people internally displaced (IDPs) in Ethiopia due to conflicts. This figure includes 62,000 persons in Tigray who have been displaced by the military confrontation which arose from a border dispute in May 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Since 2003, about 51,000 people in Gambella have been displaced by ethnic clashes and power struggles.

13 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories

Internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (Occupied Territories) has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel. Since Israel’s occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Thousands displaced by house demolitions and Separation Barrier

Internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (Occupied Territories) has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel. Since Israel’s occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.

09 July 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Occupied Palestinian Territories: Thousands displaced by house demolitions and Separation Barrier

Internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (Occupied Territories) has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel. Since Israel’s occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Indonesia and East Timor

With the exception of the province of Aceh, where a military operation has been ongoing since May 2003, and Maluku province where tension remains high after an outbreak of intercommunal violence in April 2004, most of Indonesia's former hot spots have now been in a post-conflict recovery phase for the past two years. The crackdown in Aceh has led to the government effectively sealing off the province to foreign aid workers.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

Decades of conflict between the Burmese army and ethnic insurgent groups demanding increased political autonomy from Rangoon have devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians in Burma’s border areas.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Indonesia: Half a million IDPs wait to return, while fighting continues in Aceh

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), monitors conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. The Geneva-based Centre runs an online database providing comprehensive and regularly updated information and analysis on internal displacement in more than 50 countries.

09 July 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cote d'Ivoire (June 2004)

Since Côte d’Ivoire’s faltering peace process all but collapsed with the violent suppression of an opposition demonstration in Abidjan in March 2004, when government security forces and allied militia killed at least 120 civilians, the deteriorating security situation has further endangered thousands of already vulnerable internally displaced people (IDPs) throughout the country.

24 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The removal of President Alberto Fujimori in 2000 paved the way for the restoration of democracy in Peru and the beginning of a reconciliation process following the end of a civil war that ravaged the country for more than twenty years.

24 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: India

At least 600,000 people are internally displaced in India due to conflicts in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat and the North-East. The ceasefire between India and Pakistan in November 2003 substantially improved the security situation along the Line of Control and the international border between Indian- and Pakistani-controlled Kashmir.

09 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Croatia: Remaining 11,500 IDPs put off from returning by poor economic conditions

The official number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2004, the government reported that 11,493 people remained in a situation of internal displacement, including 9,791 ethnic Croats and 1,702 ethnic Serbs.

27 May 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Croatia

The official number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2004, the government reported that 11,493 people remained in a situation of internal displacement, including 9,791 ethnic Croats and 1,702 ethnic Serbs. These figures disguise a huge disparity in return patterns between ethnic Serbs and Croats. While most of the 220,000 ethnic Croats displaced by the conflict have returned, only one third of the over 300,000 ethnic Serb IDPs and refugees have been able to do so.

27 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)

The civil wars that hit the Republic of Congo intermittently in the decade after 1992, the year of the first democratic elections, displaced up to 800,000 people. Most of these had either returned or settled down in their areas of displacement when hostilities broke out again in March 2002.

26 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement (May 2004)

Since the 1980s, the conflict ravaging Sudan has generated the world's largest internally displaced population. Over four million people have fled their homes to escape fighting between government troops, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and several smaller militia groups.

19 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (May 2004)

Despite the apparent move towards peace in Liberia in recent months – witnessed by the signing of the August 2003 peace agreement, the flight into exile of former president Charles Taylor and the deployment of an eventual 15,000-strong UN peacekeeping mission – the situation of thousands of the country’s displaced remains desperate.

17 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

Tens of thousands of Arab villagers became displaced within Israel on the destruction of their communities during the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbours. Among them, the Bedouin also suffered several further waves of displacement after the war, and continue to live in particular hardship. The displaced now represent about one quarter of the one million Arab citizens of Israel. Many of them still hope to return to their original homes.

12 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Philippines: Peace talks between government and Muslim rebels must provide for return and reintegration of IDPs

It has now been a year since more than 400,000 civilians in the Philippines were forced to leave their homes and livelihoods, once again displaced by fighting between the government security forces and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

07 May 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Philippines

It has now been a year since more than 400,000 civilians in the Philippines were forced to leave their homes and livelihoods, once again displaced by fighting between the government security forces and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

07 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement (May 2004)

Despite hopes raised by the ceasefire signed in October 2002, Somalis continue to flee a war which has continued for over ten years. Some 375,000 people are internally displaced, about five per cent of the population of a country which has been in a state of collapse longer than any other.

06 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sri Lanka: Profile of Internal Displacement

By the end of 2003, more than 345,000 people, out of a total internally displaced population of 730,000, had returned home since a ceasefire ended two decades of civil war in early 2002. While the government and Tamil rebels are committed to creating conditions for large-scale returns, the internally displaced are not adequately protected and assisted.

07 April 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Hundreds of thousands of people were internally displaced from Turkey’s south-eastern provinces during the 1984-1999 fighting between the Kurdish PKK and Turkish military and security forces, which was accompanied by massive human rights violations and the destruction of property. According to official figures, 353,000 people were displaced during the conflict, while international observers and Turkish NGOs estimate that the total number may be as high as 1 to 4.5 million.

05 April 2004 | Country Profile

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