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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (April 2003)

Some 220,000 internally displaced Sierra Leoneans were resettled in their areas of origin by the end of 2002, according to UN figures, officially ending the situation of internal displacement in the country and further consolidating its recovery after more than a decade of devastating civil war.

03 April 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2003)

In 1993, Ethiopia and Eritrea, a former Ethiopian province, separated on good terms, thereby creating two sovereign states. In May 1998, however, tensions over a region under Ethiopian administration escalated into an all-out war, with Ethiopia accusing Eritrea of invading its territory.

17 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guatemala

Although the conflict in Guatemala has by and large abated, there was a resurgence of civil patrols (paramilitaries) activity, especially in the departments of El Quiché and Baja Verapaz, according to Amnesty International (AI, 4 September 2002).

17 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (March 2003)

Russia should stop pressing internally displaced persons (IDPs) to return to Chechnya, and hold its forces to account for rights violations in the war-torn republic. Chechen IDPs in Ingushetia have been under constant pressure from Russian and Ingush authorities to go back to Chechnya, where civilians have faced widespread violence and severe human rights violations.

10 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

The tens of thousands of Palestinians who became displaced within Israel following the destruction of their localities as a result of the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbors have received little international attention compared to the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who became refugees.

27 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq

As many as 900,000 people could be displaced within Iraq as a result of a military intervention, according to UN estimates (UN OCHA 7 Jan 03, p10). The majority of the displaced would probably flee from the centre and the south of the country to northern Iraq, in the zone controlled by Iraqi Kurdish authorities. Internal displacement could result from fighting, but also from deliberate war strategy. The Iraqi regime could force people living in the South to flee, for instance by spreading the rumor that weapons of mass destruction will be used to generate panic and instigate large scale flight (CHC 23 Dec 02).

25 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (February 2003)

Displaced Chechens face mounting pressure to return to their homeland, despite widespread insecurity in the war-torn republic and Russian government promises not to force people back. Some 5,000 people have returned to Chechnya already this year under a new campaign by Chechen, Ingush and Moscow authorities to return all Chechens by the end of 2002. Several tent camps for displaced people have been closed down.

20 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Angola (February 2003)

More than 1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their areas of origin in Angola following the ceasefire in April 2002. Many more of the remaining 2.8 million IDPs are expected to follow in 2003. Yet returning IDPs face ongoing human rights abuses and grim humanitarian conditions. Those IDPs returning to areas without humanitarian support and with no basic social services in place will be among the most vulnerable populations in 2003.

18 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (February 2003)

Many thousands of people have been temporarily displaced in recent months by fighting between the Burundian government and two armed Hutu rebel groups. Up to 100,000 people are being displaced each month in worst affected areas, many of them moving from hilltop to hilltop in search of safety. Temporarily displaced people, most of them women and children, are among the most vulnerable people in Burundi.

05 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Bosnia and Herzegovina

The determination of the international community in implementing the right to return of the displaced persons and refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina has paid off. The constant pressure on the local actors has finally opened the door to the return of displaced persons to areas dominated by hostile nationalist forces, particularly since 2000.

31 January 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sri Lanka: Profile of Internal Displacement (January 2003)

After more than 20 years of a civil war, which has caused the death of more than 64,000 people and displaced over a million people inside and outside the country, Sri Lanka now appears to have firmly set its course on peace and reconciliation.

02 January 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Pakistan

As of June 2002 it was reported that about 45,000 people had become internally displaced in the southern part of Pakistani controlled Kashmir as a result of the dramatic military build-up on both sides of the Line of Control (LOC) that divides Kashmir between Pakistan and India.

01 January 2003 | Country Profile

2003 Appeal and Future Strategy

IDMC Global IDP Project's Appeal for the year 2003.

01 January 2003 | Publication

Guinea-Bissau: Internal displacement in brief

Various obstacles have continued to hamper sustainable return and reintegration

31 December 2002 | Summary

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (December 2002)

Over 500,000 people have been displaced in the Democratic Republic of Congo this year, due mainly to intensified violence in the northeastern Ituri and eastern South Kivu regions. Despite a ceasefire and the withdrawal of foreign troops, over 2.5 million of about 50 million Congolese are now displaced. Most have been uprooted by fighting between rebel groups, attacks on civilians, and resource plundering.

19 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (December 2002)

Thousands of people who fled new fighting in the Republic of Congo are now facing a humanitarian crisis without aid in the war-torn Pool region. More than 40,000 of the newly displaced people are suffering malnutrition and face a looming catastrophe, in an area too insecure for humanitarian aid deliveries.

13 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of internal displacement Cote d'Ivoire

Many thousands of people have fled fighting, hardship and demolition of their houses in Cote d'Ivoire since a military uprising in September. Displaced civilians remain vulnerable, as the crisis looks set to deepen in the region.

02 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought, recurrent themes in the Horn of Africa. Out of a population of 3.5 million, more than 1 million people were forced to flee their homes during a ferocious border conflict with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998. Most were able to return following a ceasefire two years later, and by November 2002 only 58,180 people remained displaced (UN, November 2002, p.1).

27 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Philippines

Despite some positive developments during 2002, in particular the signing in May of the implementing guidelines of the June 2001 peace agreement between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the return of nearly all those displaced by the 2000 conflict, armed clashes between the MILF and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and paramilitary groups have persistently triggered new displacements during 2002, mainly in the southern island of Mindanao.

18 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories (November 2002)

Since Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.Palestinian Territories, according to the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) (McCann 4 Nov 2002).

13 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (November 2002)

Five years after the end of the brutal civil war that killed an estimated 200,000 people and forced more than half the country's 2.8 million population to flee their homes – 1.2 million of whom were internally displaced (US DOS, 1998) – lasting peace and stability in Liberia remained a pipe dream in 2002.

05 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (October 2002)

Displaced Chechens face mounting pressure to return to their homeland, despite widespread insecurity in the war-torn republic and Russian government promises not to force people back. Some 5,000 people have returned to Chechnya already this year under a new campaign by Chechen, Ingush and Moscow authorities to return all Chechens by the end of 2002. Two tent camps for displaced people have been closed down.

28 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan

Since large homeward movements earlier this year, the return of displaced Afghans has slowed considerably amid ongoing insecurity and dwindling aid for reintegration. Almost 1 million Afghans are displaced now, a sizeable number of them uprooted in the US-led war on terrorism.

26 October 2002 | Country Profile

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