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Fear prevents remaining IDPs from returning home

To ensure the success of returns in the country, it is necessary that the national authorities and the international community continue to monitor the needs of the remaining displaced population

26 February 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Macedonia

Macedonia has been regarded as a “success story” for having achieved the fastest returns of people displaced by conflict in the Balkans. Over 95 per cent of the people uprooted during the brief but intense conflict between ethnic Albanian armed groups and Macedonian security forces in 2001 have been able to return.

26 February 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq (February 2004)

The collapse of the regime of Saddam Hussein following the US-led war in Iraq in March 2003 created the political conditions for the 800,000 Kurds who had been forcibly displaced under a brutal policy of “Arabisation” to return to their homes.

19 February 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been displaced since 1985. The IDP crisis has become one of the world's worst, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who make up some of the country’s poorest people.

04 February 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Afghanistan: Return of IDPs constrained by insecurity, land disputes and lack of aid

Persistent insecurity in many areas of the country and disputes related to land and property are major constraints to IDP return. The huge wave of IDPs returning home in 2002 has not been sustained during 2003, mainly because of continued instability, poor economic progress and harsh living conditions. Some 400,000 IDPs returned home in 2002, the majority without any assistance.

03 February 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan (February 2004)

Persistent insecurity in many areas of the country and disputes related to land and property are major constraints to IDP return. The huge wave of IDPs returning home in 2002 has not been sustained during 2003, mainly because of continued instability, poor economic progress and harsh living conditions. Some 400,000 IDPs returned home in 2002, the majority without any assistance.

02 February 2004 | Country Profile

Activity Report 2003

IDMC’s (formerly, the Global IDP Project) Activity Report for the year 2003

01 February 2004 | Publication

Appeal 2004 and Future Strategy

IDMC’s (formerly, the Global IDP Project) Appeal for the year 2004.

01 February 2004 | Publication

Internal Displacement: A Global Overview of Trends and Developments in 2003

IDMC’s flagship annual report on the major global and regional developments in internal displacement due to conflict and violence throughout the year – includes both figures and analysis.

01 February 2004 | Publication

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Eight years after the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, there are still 330,000 people internally displaced in Bosnia-Herzegovina. While the international community has largely succeeded in implementing the right of displaced people and refugees to return in Bosnia-Herzegovina the plight of many internally displaced people remains unresolved.

28 January 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation

Attempts by the Russian federal authorities to stabilise the military, political and socio-economic situation in Chechnya during 2003 have so far failed to reduce levels of violence in the province to allow for the safe return of the more than 200,000 people who remain internally displaced.

15 January 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Pakistan

For more than thirty years, repeated military stand-offs and intensive shelling between Indian and Pakistani military forces have temporarily displaced thousands of people living along the Pakistani side of the Line of Control that has divided Kashmir since 1972. The number of internally displaced increased dramatically when the conflict between India and Pakistan intensified in 2002.

14 January 2004 | Country Profile

Moldova: Internal displacement in brief

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre is no longer actively following the situation in Moldova

31 December 2003 | Summary

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda

Described by a senior UN official as the “world’s biggest neglected humanitarian crisis”, the conflict in northern Uganda has now dragged on for more than 17 years. The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has more than doubled from about 650,000 in July 2002 to 1.4 million as of December 2003. The escalation of the conflict since June 2003 meant hundreds of thousands of people have poured into camps after fleeing direct attacks by the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army and regular fighting between the warring parties.

18 December 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Bangladesh

More than 500,000 people may be internally displaced in Bangladesh due to conflict over land and religious persecution. The majority (estimates range between 60,000 to 500,000) remains displaced in the aftermath of a 25-year long armed conflict in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in the southeastern part of Bangladesh.

01 December 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia (November 2003)

With the exception of the province of Aceh where in May 2003 the government launched a huge military operation and imposed martial law, most of Indonesia’s former hot spots are now in a post-conflict recovery phase. The crackdown in Aceh, which ended a five month-long peace agreement with rebels from the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), has led to the government effectively sealing off the province to foreign aid workers.

13 November 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic (October 2003)

The overthrowing of President elect, Ange-Felix Patassé by former General Francois Bozizé on 15 March 2003 marked the culmination of six months of fighting between rebels and troops loyal to the government of the Central African Republic (CAR). An estimated 200-300,000 were displaced by the fighting which was accompanied by massive violations of human rights, including rapes, summary executions and looting.

27 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: India

At least 650,000 persons are internally displaced in India due to conflicts in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat and the North-East. There has also been incidents of communal violence in Kerala which has led to temporary displacement.

27 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

In 1994 in the south-eastern state of Chiapas, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the“ Zapatistas”, led an uprising calling for better land and civil rights for the marginalized indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded violently, sending in troops, and the ensuing conflict – which also involved paramilitary groups –, displaced up to 35,000 people.

17 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (October 2003)

Almost one quarter of a million displaced Sierra Leoneans were resettled or had returned in their areas of origin by the end of 2002, according to UN figures, officially ending the situation of internal displacement in the country and further consolidating its recovery after more than a decade of devastating civil war.

15 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nepal (October 2003)

A ceasefire agreement signed between the monarchic government and Maoist rebels at the start of 2003, crumbled after peace talks broke down in August and fighting resumed. Since the conflict started in the mid-1990s, hundreds of thousands people have been uprooted across the country.

10 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nepal: A hidden IDP crisis

A ceasefire agreement signed between the monarchic government and Maoist rebels at the start of 2003, crumbled after peace talks broke down in August and fighting resumed. Since the conflict started in the mid-1990s, hundreds of thousands people have been uprooted across the country.

10 October 2003 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

During the 1990s more than half a million Kenyans were internally displaced because of violence along inter-ethnic lines instigated by the ruling KANU (Kenya African National Union) in response to the introduction of multi-party democracy. By repeatedly attacking tribal groups connected to opposition parties, KANU, which had been in office since independence in 1963, managed to cling to power until being finally voted in December 2002.

06 October 2003 | Country Profile

Protecting internally displaced persons in the OSCE area: A neglected commitment

IDMC regional report outlines plight of three million displaced people in Europe and Central Asia forced from their homes as a result of armed conflicts or human rights violations still wait for durable solutions.

01 October 2003 | Publication

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