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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (March 2002)

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

26 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement

More than thirty years of civil war and inter tribal conflicts have caused tremendous suffering for the civilian Sudanese population. Since the conflict escalated in 1983 there have been an estimated two million war-related deaths and reliable sources estimate that 4 million or more remain internally displaced – with little prospect for large-scale returns in the near future.

26 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria (March 2002)

Available figures suggested that towards the end of 2001, a total of some 400,000 people were internally displaced, of which 300,000 resulted from the latest ethnic clashes in central Nigeria during October 2001. In the beginning of 2002, communal fighting in Nasarawa and Plateau States (January), and ethnic clashes in Lagos (February) already displaced thousands.

22 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced Persons in Sri Lanka

The main cause of displacement in Sri Lanka is the armed conflict between the LTTE (The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) and government forces. The underlying cause of the conflict, which has been ongoing since 1983 is a longstanding dispute between the Sinhalese and Tamil communities in the country.

20 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

More than seven years after the genocide, 70 percent of the Rwandan population remains under the poverty line and approximately 192,000 families still live in inadequate shelters (U.S. DOS 4 March 2002 & Brookings Initiative in Rwanda November 2001 Annex 4 III). Most of them were resettled in 1998-1999 by the Rwandan government in the context of the "villagization" process.

05 March 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (February 2002)

Significant gains in the peace process, resulting in improved security throughout the country, allowed for the return of some 45,000 IDPs to their homes of origin in 2001.

22 February 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories (February 2002)

The estimates of the number of people displaced due to house demolitions by the Israeli government vary depending on the period considered. There is no figure available on how many of these people are still displaced today.

06 February 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Uzbekistan

Episodes of internal displacement in Uzbekistan have mainly occurred as a result of a Government campaign against suspected supporters of Islamic extremist groups. Today, an estimated 3000 persons are displaced after fighting between Government forces and armed insurgents in the Uzbek-Tajik border areas in August 2000.

18 January 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya (January 2002)

A report released in March 2001 indicates that more than 200,000 people could still be considered internally displaced because of the political violence during the 1990s . The exact number is still uncertain as most return or resettlement has been spontaneous and there has been new displacement occurring during recent years.

17 January 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

Following the United Nations vote on the partition of Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab State in November 1947 and the proclamation of the State of Israel in May 1948, armies from neighboring Arab nations entered the former Mandate of Palestine and fought against Israeli military forces. At the end of the war in 1949, no general peace settlement was achieved (UN GA Resolution 181 of 29 November 1947 & Government of Israel 14 May 1948 & U.S. DOS December 1998).

14 January 2002 | Country Profile

2002 Appeal and Three-year Strategy

The Global IDP Project's combined annual appeal for the year 2002 and multi-year strategy.

01 January 2002 | Publication

2001 Activity Report

The Global IDP Project's Activity Report for the year 2001.

01 January 2002 | Publication

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Philippines (December 2001)

Counter-insurgency operations and related military activity remain the leading cause of conflict-induced displacement in the Philippines today. The main area of fighting and displacement is Mindanao, the second largest island in the country, where islamized ethnic groups have been struggling for autonomy or independence for the last thirty years.

17 December 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guatemala

In 1996 the government and representatives of the insurgency movement signed a number of peace accords and brought an end to the 36-year conflict. However, some elements of the accords, such as the reintegration of the displaced, have only been partially implemented.

13 December 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria

Conflict-induced displacement in Nigeria is caused by several, individual conflicts. Available figures suggested that towards the end of 2001, a total of some 400,000 people were internally displaced, of which 300,000 resulted from the latest ethnic clashes in central Nigeria during October 2001.

28 November 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (November 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998 and caused the internal displacement of some 177,000 Ethiopians (UNCTE 2 February 1999, p. 2). More people were displaced when the fighting intensified in February 1999.

27 November 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

Violent land disputes have traditionally caused displacement on a small scale in Mexico. However, more substantial internal displacement took place during the 1990s because of the armed conflict between the insurgents, "Zapatista Army of National Liberation" (EZLN) and the Mexican army. The conflict has forced large groups of mostly indigenous peasants from the southern state of Chiapas to flee their homes.

20 November 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Uzbekistan

Episodes of internal displacement in Uzbekistan have mainly occurred as a result of a Government campaign against suspected supporters of Islamic extremist groups. Today, an estimated 3000 persons are displaced after fighting between Government forces and armed insurgents in the Uzbek-Tajik border areas in August 2000 (U.S.OSCE 22 February 2001).

09 November 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan (October 2001)

Following the September 11 events in the USA, the situation of Afghanistan has taken a new dramatic turn with the civilians yet again paying the highest price. Accused of harboring Osama Ben Laden, the prime suspect of the terrorist attacks, the Taleban are now facing the most serious threat to their regime since they came to power in 1996.

31 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea (October 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated in May 1998 into a major military confrontation that immediately caused the displacement of an estimated 100,000 Eritreans (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting during 1999 made the total number of IDPs reach 266,200 by the end of the year (UN January 2000, p.2).

31 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi

Despite hope of political stabilization in Burundi, there is still no cease-fire between the government and two of a number of rebel groups operating in Burundi. About 633,000 people are internally displaced, both in sites and dispersed throughout the country-side, out of a total population of 6.65 million (UN OCHA 12 October 2001).

22 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (October 2001)

Existing data suggest that at least 500,000 persons are currently displaced in the Russian Federation as a result of armed conflict and violence in North Caucasus. The exact scope of internal displacement can however not be determined with precision. The vast majority has been forced to leave their homes in Chechnya devastated by two conflicts in less that a decade.

12 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (October 2001)

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

08 October 2001 | Country Profile

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