South and South-East Asia

 

Internal displacement in Sub-Saharan Africa

There were 12.5 million IDPs in the 21 sub-Saharan countries that IDMC monitors as of the end of 2013, more than a third of the global total. Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan had the largest populations of IDPs in Africa.

Internal Displacement in South and South-East Asia

There were 3.2 million IDPs in Asia as of the end of 2013, down 21 per cent from 4.1 million a year earlier. They fled their homes as a result of armed conflict, violence and human rights violations, and around 80 per cent were in Afghanistan, India, Myanmar and Pakistan.

Internal Displacement in Europe the Caucasus and Central Asia

There were around 2.2 million IDPs in Europe as of the end of 2013. Most fled their homes some 20 years ago to escape armed conflict, generalised violence and human rights violations in the Balkans, Caucasus, Central Asia, Cyprus and Turkey.

Internal Displacement in the Americas

There were as many as six million IDPs in the Americas as of the end of 2013, forced to flee their homes by war, violence and human rights violations. The vast majority were in Colombia, where the government put their number at nearly 5.5 million.

Internal Displacement in the Middle East and North Africa

The number of internal displaced people in the Middle East and north Africa (MENA) continued to rise sharply in 2013, reaching at least 9.1 million by the end of the year.

Internal Displacement in South and South-East Asia

There were 3.2 million IDPs in Asia as of the end of 2013, down 21 per cent from 4.1 million a year earlier. They fled their homes as a result of armed conflict, violence and human rights violations, and around 80 per cent were in Afghanistan, India, Myanmar and Pakistan.

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2015 | Publication

Global Overview 2015: People internally displaced by conflict and violence

In 2014, the total number of people internally displaced by armed conflict and violence worldwide was estimated to be 38 million people, the highest figure IDMC has ever recorded.

2015 | Overview

Countrywide response urgently required to address chronic internal displacement

This report examines displacement across India resulting from armed conflict and inter-communal violence for which a comprehensive national response is urgently needed.

2015 | Overview

Philippines: long-term recovery challenges remain in the wake of massive displacement

In the wake of large-scale displacement resulting both from conflict and disasters, there is a need to ensure comprehensive solutions that address the long-term recovery challenges of IDPs.

2015 | Briefing Paper

Philippines: Why housing rights must be prioritised to end displacement of Zamboanga’s urban poor

This briefing paper highlights current gaps in the response to those displaced by conflict since September 2013 in Zamboanga city in the southern island of Mindanao, the Philippines

2014 | Overview

Papua New Guinea: invisible and neglected protracted displacement

Most of the estimated 22,500 people displaced in Papua New Guinea are living in protracted displacement, having fled their homes between four and ten years ago by ethnic conflicts or natural hazards.

2014 | Overview

Myanmar: comprehensive solutions needed for recent and long-term IDPs alike

Recent IDPs in Myanmar’s Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan states as well as long-term IDPs in the south-east require different kinds of assistance and protection.

2014 | Overview

As humanitarian space shrinks, IDP policy must be implemented

Implementation of Afghanistan’s National IDP Policy is critical to addressing the chronic and acute needs of IDPs in a shrinking humanitarian space.

2014 | Overview

Indonesia: durable solutions needed for protracted IDPs as new displacement occurs in Papua

IDMC explains why up to fifteen years after their displacement tens of thousands of IDPs are still struggling to rebuild their lives.

2014 | Overview

Almost five years of peace but tens of thousands of war-displaced still without solution

Up to 90,000 of the over 800,000 people forced to flee during Sri Lanka’s civil war (1983- 2009) remain internally displaced, with tens of thousands more having returned home only to face a number of barriers to long-term solutions.

2014 | Human Rights Mechanism

CESCR submission on Indonesia

Submission from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) for consideration at the 52nd session of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

2014 | Human Rights Mechanism

Submission to 112th session of the UN Human Rights Committee for October 2014 Sri Lanka review

Norwegian Refugee Council - Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Report submitted to 112th session of the UN Human Rights Committee for October 2014 Sri Lanka review.

2013 | Publication

Neglected displacement: Human mobility in Pacific disaster risk management and climate change adaptation mechanisms

In the context of global warming, displacement related to gradual processes such as the loss of territory caused by rising sea levels and saltwater intrusion into aquifers, is likely to escalate