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India IDP Figures Analysis

IDMC estimates that there are at least 616,140 people internally displaced as a result of armed conflict and communal violence in India as of April 2015.

 

Conflict-induced displacement

IDMC’s estimate is compiled from various sources including national NGOs, civil society organisations, media reports, and where available, government reports.

There is no national authority or international organisation comprehensively monitoring and reporting on conflict-induced displacement in India. Data gathering is hampered by the lack of humanitarian access to some conflict-affected areas, including in particular parts of the north east.

A significant number of IDPs are not counted because of gaps in official data and the tendency by the government to close IDP camps although security conditions are often not in place and returnees do not have sufficient access to basic necessities.  Considerable numbers of IDPs are also believed to live outside official camps, including with host communities and in urban areas, but they are not reflected in official data.

In light of these challenges and data limitations, IDMC’s estimate of the scale of internal displacement in India should be considered as very conservative.

Based on its monitoring, IDMC believes that at least 346,000 were newly displaced in 2014 and 2015 by conflict and violence. All new displacements occurred in the states of Assam, Nagaland and Jammu and Kashmir.

North east India

Western Assam

Following intercommunal violence in December 2014 in the districts of Chirang, Kokrajhar, Sonitpur, Udalguri of the western part of the state of Assam of up to 300,000 people took shelter in 91 relief camps (Frontline, 23 January 2015, ACHR, 2 January 2015). By February 2015, the number of IDPs was reported to have been reduced to around 90,000, including 71,000 in camps (Delhi Solidarity Group, January 2015).

It is estimated that around 1 million people were displaced by similar spates of intercommunal violence between 1996 and 2013 (IDMC, November 2011; Assam Tribune, 26 February 2013; The Hindu, 15 August 2012; ACHR, September 2012). For some, the events at the end of 2014 led to their second or third displacement.

Violence linked to elections in the Baksa district of Assam in May 2014 displaced 5,000 (ABC, 4 May 2014; CPA, May 2014).

Assam-Meghalaya border

In February 2013, election related violence in the districts of Goalpara led to the displacement of at least 18,000 people to 22 IDP camps (The Hindu, 13 February 2013; The Telegraph, 20 May 2013). Following a fact-finding mission to eight camps in June 2014, the Human Rights Law Network reported at least 7,400 IDPs remained displaced (HRLN, 16 June 2014).

Assam-Nagaland border

Violence triggered by a land dispute in Golaghat district along the Assam-Nagaland border in August 2014 displaced 10,000 people into camps along the Assam side of the border (Aljazeera, 21 August 2014; Win-G, August 2014).

Karbi Anglong

Violent clashes between NSAGs in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam in December 2013 led to the displacement of 3,000 Karbis and Rengma Nagas mostly to camps, with some also residing in host communities (The Hindu, 7 January 2014; HRLN, 2014). By the end of January 2014, 600 people remained displaced in camps (The Hindu, 31 January 2014).

Nagaland

In February 2015, clashes between two Nagaland tribes in Tuensang district, which arose from an aggravated land dispute, led to the displacement of 1,000 people to camps in nearby villages and Shamator town (The Telegraph, 18 February 2015; The Shillong Times, 31 March 2015).

Tripura-Mizoram border

Violence in 1997 in the Mamit district of Mizoram displaced at least 30,000 Bru (or Reang) from the districts of Mamit, Lunglei and Klasib into six IDP camps in the Kanchanpur district of Tripura (Ministry of Home Affairs, 14 January 2015). In November 2009, a further 5,000 Bru were displaced, with some fleeing  to Tripura and others to Karimganj district in Assam (ACHR, 2010). Rehabilitation projects to facilitate the return process have led to a decline in the number of IDPs in the six camps and by early 2015 it was estimated that 31,200 people remain displaced (Times of India, 13 February, 2015).

Gujarat

In 2002, some 200,000 people were displaced by intercommunal violence in Ahmedabad (Centre for Social Justice and Anhad, 2007). As of 2012, it was estimated that 16,100 people remained displaced in 83 IDP camps  (Janvikas, 2012). In addition unknown numbers are believed to be displaced in Muslim ghettos around Ahmedabad (BBC, 1 March 2012; Reuters, 14 May 2012).

Jammu and Kashmir

There are 60,500 Kashmiri families registered as displaced since 1990(Ministry of Home Affairs, India, 15 July 2014).This amounts to 350,600 people as calculated by national family size average of 5.8 people according to the 2011 National Census.  Of this total, 38,100 families reside in Jammu, 19,300 families reside in Delhi and the remainder are in other states.  In addition, cross border tensions with Pakistan displaced an additional 20,000 in October 2014 (Reuters, 10 October 2014) and a further 10,000 in December 2014/January 2015 (BBC, 6 January 2015)

Uttar Pradesh

In September 2013, intercommunal violence between Hindus and Muslims in Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh displaced 51,000 people (National Human Rights Commission, January 2014). Recent reports from April 2015 suggest that there are 750 families residing in 11 camps, amounting to 4,275 people in the districts of Shamli and Muzaffarnagar (MAJMA-on file with IDMC, April 2015). It is unknown how many people remain displaced outside of camps.

Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

Conflict in the Dantewada and Bastar districts of Chhattisgarh in 2005 displaced 300,000 people (AID India, 2010). As of 2013, it was estimated that 50,000 IDPs remained living in 23 relief camps in Bastar (Aljazeera , 2013). As of 2014, there were 20,000 IDPs living in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana (which was carved out of Andhra Pradesh in 2014) states (Action Aid -report on file with IDMC, April 2014).  

Total displacement as of April 2015

State

District/village

Nb. of IDPs

State of origin

Source/date

Year displacement started

Andhra Pradesh

East and West Godavari

6,240

Chattisgarh

 ActionAid-on file with IDMC, 2014

2005

Assam

Baksa

5,000

Assam

ABC, 4 May 2014; CPA, May 2014

2014

Assam

Chirang, Kokrajhar, Sonitpur, Udalguri

90,000

Assam

DSG, January 2015

2014

Assam

Karbi Anglong, Dima Hasao

600

Assam

The Hindu, 31 January 2014

2013

Assam

Goalpara

7,400

Assam

HRLN, 16 June 2014

2013

Assam

Golaghat

10,000

Assam

ECHO, January 2015; NDTV, 19 August 2014; Win-G-India, August 2014

2014

Chhattisgarh

Bastar, Dantewada

50,000

Chattisgarh

ECHO, 14 October 2013, p.3; Aljazeera, 2013

2005

Gujarat

Ahmedabad

16,000

Gujarat

Vice news, 6 May 2014 ; Janvikas, 2012;

2002

Jammu and Kashmir

Abdullain village/Samba district

30,000

Jammu and Kashmir

Reuters, 10 October 2014; BBC, 6 January 2015

2014

Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu, Srinagar, Anantnag

221,090

Jammu and Kashmir

GoI, 15 July 2014; Times of India, 15 March 2015

1990

Nagaland

Tuensang

1000

Nagaland

The Shillong Times, 31 March 2015).

2015

National Capital Territory of Delhi

New Delhi

112,160

Jammu and Kashmir

GoI, 15 July 2014

1990

Telangana

Khammam

11,520

Chattisgarh

ActionAid-on file with IDMC, 2014

2005

Telangana

Warangal

2,300

Chattisgarh

ActionAid-on file with IDMC, 2014

2005

Tripura

Kanchanpur

31,200

Mizoram

Times of India, 13 February, 2015

1997 & 2009

Uttar Pradesh

Muzaffarnagar, Shamli

4,280

Uttar Pradesh

MAJMA- on file with IDMC, April 2015

2013

Other states

 

17,350

Jammu and Kashmir

GoI, 15 July 2014

1990

Total

 

616,140

 

 

 

 

New displacement 2014/2015

State

District/village

Nb. of IDPs

State of origin

Source/date

Month & year displacement started

Assam

Baksa

5,000

Assam

ABC, 4 May 2014; CPA, May 2014

May 2014

Assam

Chirang, Kokrajhar, Sonitpur, Udalguri

300,000

Assam

DSG, January 2015

December 2014

Assam

Golaghat

10,000

Assam

ECHO, January 2015; NDTV, 19 August 2014; Win-G-India, August 2014

August 2014

Jammu and Kashmir

Abdullain village/Samba district

30,000

Jammu and Kashmir

Reuters, 10 October 2014; BBC, 6 January 2015

October & December 2014

Nagaland

Tuensang

1,000

Nagaland

The Shillong Times, 31 March 2015).

March 2015

Total

 

346,000

 

 

 

 

Natural hazard-related displacement

In addition, 1,644,700 people were displaced in 2014 due to floods, storms and landslides. The events that led to the largest displacements were floods in Odisha  and Assam in August, floods in Jammu and Kashmir in September and Cyclone Hudhud in October affecting Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. 

IDMC uses only the most credible accurate information available. Notwithstanding the caveats and limitations of the source information described above, IDMC believes this to be the best data and is grateful to the partners for sharing it.