Myanmar

Total population: 53,700,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2014

Conflict: Up to 662,400 internally displaced

As of Mar. 2015

 

Disasters: Up to 81,000

Newly displaced in 2014

479,706 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Jul. 2014

 
Human Rights Mechanism | 23 March 2015

Stakeholder report on Myanmar to the Universal Periodic Review mechanism

NGO report submitted by IDMC to the Working Group of the Universal Periodic Review for its review of Myanmar in November 2015 (23rd session).

Publication | 15 October 2014

The risk of disaster-induced displacement in south-east Asia and China

Using an innovative methodology, IDMC calculates the risk of being displaced by disasters in South-East Asia and China—and how this risk is increasing.

Blog Post | 04 July 2014

Myanmar: IDPs in Kachin, Rakhine and the south-east face different challenges, but all need solutions

Focusing on Myanmar, IDMC’s Regional Analyst highlights challenges facing IDPs in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan states and the south-east.

Overview | 01 July 2014

Myanmar: comprehensive solutions needed for recent and long-term IDPs alike

Recent IDPs in Myanmar’s Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan states as well as long-term IDPs in the south-east require different kinds of assistance and protection.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Myanmar: Internal displacement in brief

Protracted armed conflict between ethnic non-state armed groups (NSAGs) and government forces has caused internal displacement in Myanmar for more than 50 years.

Blog Post | 17 May 2013

Cyclone in Myanmar uproots violence-displaced in Rakhine State yet again

As Cyclone Mahasen makes landfall, one million Bangladeshis are ordered to evacuate and Myanmar’s most vulnerable, those who have already fled violence in the north-west, are forced to flee yet again.

 
Overview | 01 July 2014

Myanmar: comprehensive solutions needed for recent and long-term IDPs alike

Recent IDPs in Myanmar’s Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan states as well as long-term IDPs in the south-east require different kinds of assistance and protection.

Overview | 19 July 2011

Displacement continues in context of armed conflict

People displaced due to conflict in Myanmar lack access to food, clean water, health care, education and livelihoods.

Overview | 29 January 2010

Increasing displacement as fighting resumes in the east

Displacement as a result of armed conflict and human rights violations continues in Myanmar. Between August 2008 and July 2009, an estimated 75,000 people from ethnic minority communities in eastern Myanmar were forced to flee their homes. In several areas it is impossible to estimate the number of internally displaced people (IDPs).

Overview | 14 February 2008

No end in sight for internal displacement crisis

Despite intense international focus on the human rights situation in Myanmar (Burma) in 2007, forced displacement, as a result of conflict and human rights violations, is ongoing in the country. The government remains the perpetrator of the majority of violations against civilians, particularly those belonging to ethnic minority groups.

Overview | 28 March 2007

A worsening crisis of internal displacement

The situation of internal displacement in Burma continues to worsen despite increased pressure on the military government to end its blatant human rights abuses and to allow humanitarian access to conflict-affected populations.

Overview | 12 May 2006

Worst army attacks in years displace thousands

Human rights abuses in ethnic minority areas are the single most important cause of conflict-induced internal displacement in Burma and the scale of atrocities committed by the Burmese army is unparalleled within Asia.

Overview | 27 June 2005

Burma: Displacement continues unabated in one of the world’s worst IDP situations

The internal displacement crisis in Burma affects mainly ethnic minority groups, and is particularly acute along the border with Thailand. The military regime’s objective of increasing control over minority areas through a policy of forced assimilation and repression of autonomy movements has resulted in decades of conflict that has devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians.

 
Human Rights Mechanism | 23 March 2015

Stakeholder report on Myanmar to the Universal Periodic Review mechanism

NGO report submitted by IDMC to the Working Group of the Universal Periodic Review for its review of Myanmar in November 2015 (23rd session).

Publication | 15 October 2014

The risk of disaster-induced displacement in south-east Asia and China

Using an innovative methodology, IDMC calculates the risk of being displaced by disasters in South-East Asia and China—and how this risk is increasing.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Myanmar: Internal displacement in brief

Protracted armed conflict between ethnic non-state armed groups (NSAGs) and government forces has caused internal displacement in Myanmar for more than 50 years.

Country Profile | 19 July 2011

Myanmar: Displacement continues in context of armed conflicts

In November 2010 the first national elections since 1990 were held in Myanmar. While the party set up by the previous government and the armed forces retain most legislative and executive power, the elections may nevertheless have opened up a window of opportunity for greater civilian governance and power-sharing.

Country Profile | 29 January 2010

Myanmar: Increasing displacement as fighting resumes in the east

Displacement as a result of armed conflict and human rights violations continues in Myanmar. Between August 2008 and July 2009, an estimated 75,000 people from ethnic minority communities in eastern Myanmar were forced to flee their homes. In several areas it is impossible to estimate the number of internally displaced people (IDPs).

Country Profile | 05 March 2009

Myanmar: No end in sight for internal displacement crisis

Displacement as a result of conflict and human rights violations continued in Myanmar in 2008. An estimated 66,000 people from ethnic minority communities in eastern Myanmar were forced to become displaced in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict and human rights abuses. As of October 2008, there were at least 451,000 people reported to be internally displaced in the rural areas of eastern Myanmar.

Country Profile | 14 February 2008

Myanmar (Burma): No end in sight for internal displacement crisis

Despite intense international focus on the human rights situation in Myanmar (Burma) in 2007, forced displacement, as a result of conflict and human rights violations, is ongoing in the country. The government remains the perpetrator of the majority of violations against civilians, particularly those belonging to ethnic minority groups.

Country Profile | 28 March 2007

Myanmar (Burma): A worsening crisis of internal displacement

The situation of internal displacement in Burma continues to worsen despite increased pressure on the military government to end its blatant human rights abuses and to allow humanitarian access to conflict-affected populations.

Country Profile | 10 May 2006

Myanmar (Burma): Worst army attacks in years displace thousands

Human rights abuses in ethnic minority areas are the single most important cause of conflict-induced internal displacement in Burma and the scale of atrocities committed by the Burmese army is unparalleled within Asia.

Country Profile | 27 June 2005

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

The internal displacement crisis in Burma affects mainly ethnic minority groups, and is particularly acute along the border with Thailand. The military regime’s objective of increasing control over minority areas through a policy of forced assimilation and repression of autonomy movements has resulted in decades of conflict that has devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians.

Country Profile | 09 July 2004

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

Decades of conflict between the Burmese army and ethnic insurgent groups demanding increased political autonomy from Rangoon have devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians in Burma’s border areas.

Country Profile | 20 July 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

Civilians in Burma have become internally displaced mainly as a result of the intensified efforts by the military rulers since the late 1980s to control areas populated by ethnic minority groups.

 
Blog Post | 04 July 2014

Myanmar: IDPs in Kachin, Rakhine and the south-east face different challenges, but all need solutions

Focusing on Myanmar, IDMC’s Regional Analyst highlights challenges facing IDPs in Rakhine, Kachin and northern Shan states and the south-east.

Blog Post | 17 May 2013

Cyclone in Myanmar uproots violence-displaced in Rakhine State yet again

As Cyclone Mahasen makes landfall, one million Bangladeshis are ordered to evacuate and Myanmar’s most vulnerable, those who have already fled violence in the north-west, are forced to flee yet again.

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