Nepal IDP Figures Analysis

IDMC estimates that up to 50,000 people remain internally displaced by armed conflict as of February 2015. IDMC’s estimate is based on IDP figures reported by UNHCR in its Global Appeal 2013 (UNHCR, 2013). No other reliable sources are available.


The figure does not include people displaced by separatist and criminal violence in the central Terai region where thousands are believed to have fled their homes since 2007-2008 according to some reports (Nepal HCRC, July 2012).

In the absence of any systematic monitoring of population movements, or comprehensive registration of IDPs and assessment of their needs, there are no accurate estimates of the total number of people displaced during the ten-year internal conflict between 1996 and 2006. Available data suggest up to 200,000 people were displaced during the ten-year conflict (IDMC, October 2006) Displacement usually followed an urban to rural trend, with most IDPs concentrated in Kathmandu, Biratnagar and Nepalgunj.

In 2009, the Nepal IDP Working Group assessed that between 50,000 and 70,000 IDPs had not found durable solutions (IDMC, 11 April 2012; OCHA, June 2008). The estimated 50,000 IDPs reported by UNHCR are believed to have been unwilling or unable to go back to their places of origin.

As of 2012, the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR) had recorded a total of 89,000 IDPs through an official registration process that took place from 2007 to 2011 (IDMC, 11 April 2012). At the end of 2012, it was reported that only 25,000 IDPs had received assistance (NPTF, 31 December 2012). The assistance program ended in September 2013. By then, the government considered all IDPs to have returned or settled elsewhere (GoN, 24 September 2014).

Monsoon flooding in August 2014 displaced an estimated 21,196 families, mainly from the districts of Surkhet, Bardiya and Kailali in the western part of the country (Nepal HCRC, 20 August 2014).

IDMC uses only the most credible accurate information available. Notwithstanding the caveats and limitations of the source information described above, IDMC believes this to be the best data and is grateful to the partners for sharing it.