Pakistan

Total population: 185,100,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2014

Conflict: Up to 1,800,000 internally displaced

As of 31 Mar. 2015

 

Disasters: Up to 771,000

Newly displaced in 2014

175,961 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Jul. 2014

 
Publication | 31 March 2015

The risk of disaster-induced displacement in South Asia

IDMC's paper provides evidence-based estimates of the likelihood of disaster-induced displacement in the nations belonging to the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Pakistan: Internal displacement in brief

Armed conflict continued to be the main cause of displacement in Pakistan in 2013.

Overview | 12 June 2013

Massive new displacement and falling returns require rights-based response

Counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations and violent clashes between non-state armed groups continue to lead to major, rapid movements of internally displaced people in the north-west

Country Page | 31 July 2012

Pakistan

IDMC's Pakistan page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

Overview | 10 January 2012

Displacement caused by conflict and natural disasters, achievements and challenges

Pakistan has faced a series of displacement crises due to natural disasters and armed conflict in recent years. 19 million people have been displaced by earthquakes and flooding and over five million by armed conflict over the past seven years.

Briefing Paper | 01 June 2011

Briefing paper on flood-displaced women in Sindh Province, Pakistan

Extreme, sudden-onset weather events - primarily floods and storms - displaced more than 38 million people worldwide in 20101. The devastating floods in Pakistan, caused by unusually heavy monsoon rains in July and August, accounted for 11 million. The rains brought flooding to as much as a fifth of Pakistan’s national territory, which affected more than 10 per cent of the country's population of 181 million.

Overview | 31 May 2011

Pakistan: Returns continue in some areas but comprehensive IDP policy needed

The population of north-west Pakistan has suffered conflict-induced displacement for the past seven years, with the phenomenon reaching its peak in 2009 when there were more than three million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the region.

 
Overview | 12 June 2013

Massive new displacement and falling returns require rights-based response

Counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations and violent clashes between non-state armed groups continue to lead to major, rapid movements of internally displaced people in the north-west

Overview | 10 January 2012

Displacement caused by conflict and natural disasters, achievements and challenges

Pakistan has faced a series of displacement crises due to natural disasters and armed conflict in recent years. 19 million people have been displaced by earthquakes and flooding and over five million by armed conflict over the past seven years.

Overview | 31 May 2011

Pakistan: Returns continue in some areas but comprehensive IDP policy needed

The population of north-west Pakistan has suffered conflict-induced displacement for the past seven years, with the phenomenon reaching its peak in 2009 when there were more than three million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the region.

Overview | 06 September 2010

Flooding worsens situation for people displaced by conflict in north-west

Internal displacement in Pakistan’s north-western Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa (KP) has continued for at least six years, but reached a massive scale from 2008 to 2009. As of the end of July 2010, there were around two million internally displaced people (IDPs), 1.4 million of them registered by the government.

Overview | 02 December 2009

Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

Overview | 15 May 2008

Displacement ongoing in a number of regions

Military operations against armed opposition groups in Pakistan have displaced hundreds of thousands of people in recent months, according to the limited information available. While many of the internally displaced people (IDPs) have apparently been able to return to their areas of origin after an end to the fighting, others remain displaced with little access to humanitarian assistance.

Overview | 10 October 2006

Tens of thousands displaced by army operations against insurgent groups

Army operations targeting insurgent groups in Waziristan and Balochistan are the main causes of conflict-induced displacement in Pakistan today. There is no official information on the number of people displaced and access of journalists and aid workers to the affected areas is tightly restricted.

Overview | 10 June 2005

Thousands remain displaced after military operations in South Waziristan

Up to 50,000 people were internally displaced due to security operations by the Pak istani military in South Waziristan during 2004 and an undetermined number remain internally displaced today. Since March 2004, some 70,000 troops have been based in the region to remove foreign fighters suspected of “terrorist” activities and seeking shelter among the tribal population.

 
Publication | 31 March 2015

The risk of disaster-induced displacement in South Asia

IDMC's paper provides evidence-based estimates of the likelihood of disaster-induced displacement in the nations belonging to the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Pakistan: Internal displacement in brief

Armed conflict continued to be the main cause of displacement in Pakistan in 2013.

Briefing Paper | 01 June 2011

Briefing paper on flood-displaced women in Sindh Province, Pakistan

Extreme, sudden-onset weather events - primarily floods and storms - displaced more than 38 million people worldwide in 20101. The devastating floods in Pakistan, caused by unusually heavy monsoon rains in July and August, accounted for 11 million. The rains brought flooding to as much as a fifth of Pakistan’s national territory, which affected more than 10 per cent of the country's population of 181 million.

Country Profile | 06 September 2010

Pakistan: Flooding worsens situation for people displaced by conflict in north-west

Internal displacement in Pakistan’s north-western Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa (KP) has continued for at least six years, but reached a massive scale from 2008 to 2009. As of the end of July 2010, there were around two million internally displaced people (IDPs), 1.4 million of them registered by the government.

Publication | 01 June 2010

Still at risk: Internally displaced children’s rights in north-west Pakistan

IDMC outlines hardship and destitution still facing Pakistan's 800,000 displaced children as well as risks faced by the over one million returned.

Country Profile | 02 December 2009

Pakistan: Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

Country Profile | 15 May 2008

Pakistan: Displacement ongoing in a number of regions

Military operations against armed opposition groups in Pakistan have displaced hundreds of thousands of people in recent months, according to the limited information available. While many of the internally displaced people (IDPs) have apparently been able to return to their areas of origin after an end to the fighting, others remain displaced with little access to humanitarian assistance.

Country Profile | 10 October 2006

Pakistan: Tens of thousands displaced by army operations against insurgent groups

Army operations targeting insurgent groups in Waziristan and Balochistan are the main causes of conflict-induced displacement in Pakistan today. There is no official information on the number of people displaced and access of journalists and aid workers to the affected areas is tightly restricted.

Country Profile | 10 June 2005

Profile of Internal Displacement: Pakistan

Up to 50,000 people were internally displaced due to security operations by the Pakistani military in South Waziristan during 2004 and an undetermined number remain internally displaced today. Since March 2004, some 70,000 troops have been based in the region to remove foreign fighters suspected of “terrorist” activities and seeking shelter among the tribal population.

Country Profile | 14 January 2004

Profile of Internal Displacement: Pakistan

For more than thirty years, repeated military stand-offs and intensive shelling between Indian and Pakistani military forces have temporarily displaced thousands of people living along the Pakistani side of the Line of Control that has divided Kashmir since 1972. The number of internally displaced increased dramatically when the conflict between India and Pakistan intensified in 2002.

Country Profile | 01 January 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Pakistan

As of June 2002 it was reported that about 45,000 people had become internally displaced in the southern part of Pakistani controlled Kashmir as a result of the dramatic military build-up on both sides of the Line of Control (LOC) that divides Kashmir between Pakistan and India.

Country Profile | 01 October 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Pakistan

During British colonial rule in India, Kashmir was a quasi-independent state with a majority Muslim population but a Hindu ruler. After British rule of the subcontinent ended in 1947, dispute over Kashmir has been the flash point for two wars between India and Pakistan (IMTD 2001). Alongside the rival claims of India and Pakistan a rebel Muslim separatist movement has been active in the territory since 1989.

 

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