There were 12.5 million IDPs in the 21 sub-Saharan countries that IDMC monitors as of the end of 2013, more than a third of the global total. Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan had the largest populations of IDPs in Africa.
In 2014, the total number of people internally displaced by armed conflict and violence worldwide was estimated to be 38 million people, the highest figure IDMC has ever recorded.
The first of its kind in the world, the Kampala Convention is a regional instrument that binds governments to provide legal protection for the rights and well-being of those forced to flee inside their home countries due to conflict, violence, natural disasters, and other human rights abuses.
In Burundi, thousands of IDPs still live in protracted displacement. Their prospects for durable solutions might increase with the forthcoming elections and the renewed engagement of the government.
Significant security improvements and promising political commitments have meant that many IDPs have been able to return to their home areas since mid-2011, but more than 300,000 still live in internal displacement.
In the run-up to 2015 elections, attacks by Boko Haram militants have caused an unprecedented crisis in north-eastern Nigeria, compounding other complex causes of internal displacement such as inter-communal violence and flooding.
The report outlines gaps in the legal framework of Zimbabwe which prevent IDPs from exercising their rights and proposes recommendations.
IDMC Analyst gave a statement to the UN Human Rights Council on the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Sudan
IDMC Analyst gave a joint statement to the UN Human Rights Council on the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
A year after the Séléka seized power in CAR, IDMC takes stock of the mass displacements that followed and maps challenges ahead.
IDMC highlights the plight of hundreds of thousands of IDPs in CAR who continue to face numerous challenges in enjoying even their basic human rights.
When a whole town was displaced in Guinea during the Ebola crisis, the link between disease and displacement began to emerge.
By April 2014, 137,000 people remained internally displaced in Mali while those returning north faced numerous obstacles to securing a durable solution to their displacement.
Since the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) first emerged in the 1980s, the group's violence has displaced an estimated 2.5 million people within and across borders in central Africa. Here, a regional analysis of displacement by the LRA
IDMC explores what difference the ratification of the Kampala Convention by the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo will make for the country's IDPs.
IDMC examines how drought and other factors influence the scale, scope and patterns of drought-related displacement of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa.
In February 2014, IDMC/NRC supported the development of a durable solutions strategy in Mali through the organisation of a workshop on durable solutions and the formulation of recommendations.
Democratic Republic of the Congo