More than 1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their areas of origin in Angola following the ceasefire in April 2002. Many more of the remaining 2.8 million IDPs are expected to follow in 2003. Yet returning IDPs face ongoing human rights abuses and grim humanitarian conditions. Those IDPs returning to areas without humanitarian support and with no basic social services in place will be among the most vulnerable populations in 2003.
Despite a successful ceasefire more than a year ago, and impressive rates of return, conditions for many of Angola’s millions of internally displaced people (IDPs) remain some of the most difficult and vulnerable of any in the world. Since April 2002, when the ceasefire was signed, up until June 2003, almost 2 ½ million internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their areas of origin. Many more of the remaining 1,4 million IDPs are expected to follow during the course of the year 2003. The majority of the returning and returned IDPs continue to receive assistance at distribution points established in the aftermath of the cease-fire. In spite of the improved humanitarian situation, overall levels of vulnerability are high with continued reports of human rights violations against returning IDPs perpetrated by the authorities.