Burundi IDP Figures Analysis

As of 13 August 2015, IDMC estimates that there were at least 79,200 people internally displaced in Burundi.


IDMC’s figures for protracted displacement are based on estimates provided by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in 2013, which are the result of a nationwide profiling exercise carried out by the Government of Burundi and partners in 2011 and on information on returns received from the UN Refugee Agency in 2014.

The figure also includes data of returnees from the UN Refugee Agency as well as figures from the World Food Programme on new displacements caused by 2015 electoral violence. The latter comprises 119 households (around 960 individuals) displaced in the south of Makamba province as well as 700 people displaced in Bujumbura Mairie as of July 2015. Between May and August 2015, there were also reports of internal displacements in the other provinces, notably the ones bordering Rwanda, but no figures were available as of 13 August 2015. No IDP sites have emerged, as people are being hosted by families and friends. The figure is likely higher as many people who have sought refuge in host families avoid expressing that they are internally displaced people (IDPs) for fear of being linked to a political agenda.

Most of the IDPs displaced prior to 2015 elections fled their homes during the 1993 to 2005 civil war. At the height of the internal displacement crisis in 1999, 800,000 people were living as IDPs in Burundi. Most of the remaining 77,600 IDPs from this period, mainly Tutsis, are in the northern and central provinces. There is insufficient information available on whether some of these IDPs have achieved a durable solution in recent years. In 2011, children represented 47.3 per cent of the total IDP population. 52.9 per cent of the IDPs were women, while 47.1 per cent were men, whereas the 2008 general census showed that women make up 50.8 per cent of the general population.

Furthermore, the figure does not include disaster-induced displacement. In February 2014, heavy rains displaced nearly 12,500 people yet IDMC does not know whether they have already returned or remain displaced to this day.

IDMC uses only the most credible accurate information available. Notwithstanding the caveats and limitations of the source information described above, IDMC believes this to be the best data and is grateful to the partners for sharing it.