Congo IDP Figures Analysis

IDMC estimates that as of December 2014 there were up to 7,800 IDPs in the Republic of Congo.


IDMC bases its estimates on the Republic of Congo’s own government estimate, which was published in its Displaced Populations Report of March 2009. This is the latest source available

Up to 800,000 people in the Republic of the Congo – a quarter of the country’s population – were internally displaced during the 1990s by armed conflict in the Pool region between government forces and rebels originating from among the Lari ethnic group. The conflict ended in 2003, and by 2006, according to a government estimate, only 7,800 people remained displaced in Pool.

The figure’s most important limitation is that no new assessment of the number of IDPs has been conducted since 2009. Therefore, it is not known if IDPs have achieved durable solutions, leaving unanswered the question of whether internal displacement has really ended in the Republic of Congo.

The above figures do not include people displaced by slow-onset and sudden-onset natural hazards. In November 2012, for example, floods displaced an unknown number of people in Pointe-Noire, along Congo’s coast, and it is not known how many of those displaced have been able to return to their homes

IDMC uses only the most credible accurate information available. Notwithstanding the caveats and limitations of the source information described above, IDMC believes this to be the best data and is grateful to the partners for sharing it.