Côte d'Ivoire IDP Figures Analysis
As of February 2015, IDMC estimates that 87 per cent of the 2.3 million people displaced by violence since 2002 in Côte d’Ivoire had managed to return to their homes or find other settlement options thanks to significant security improvements in Abidjan and the west of the country, bringing the latest IDP figure to at least 300,000 IDPs
As many as 1.1 million people fled their homes during the 2002 to 2007 civil war, with the peak figure in 2003. Thousands of civilians from northern and central regions of the country sought shelter in the south, mostly in Abidjan. Tensions over land caused major displacements in the west and in the Montagnes district “cocoa belt”. Almost all IDPs took refuge in host communities, most of them with family or friends, and many were still unaccounted for when the next wave of violence erupted.
The 2010 to 2011 post-election violence also displaced as many as a million people. Similar regions were affected, with the Montagnes and Bas-Sassandra districts hosting 150,000 IDPs and Abidjan more than 700,000. Most IDPs managed to find shelter with host communities relatively close to their home areas, while others took refuge in 35 camps set up across the country. Many in the west went into hiding in forests, where they stayed for weeks in precarious conditions.
In 2014, a profiling exercise implemented by the Ministry of Planning and Development (Ministère du Plan et du Développement), UNHCR and the National Institute of Statistics (Institut National de la Statistique, INS) with the technical support of the Joint IDP Profiling Service (JIPS) measured the extent to which IDPs, returnees and repatriated refugees had brought their displacement to a sustainable end in line with the criteria set out the Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC)’s Framework on Durable Solutions.
The joint profiling collected data on the number of people displaced since 2002, their geographical distribution, socio-economic characteristics, current living conditions and future intentions. It profiled 4,680 households in areas most affected by the country’s two displacement crises, namely the six western departments of Bangolo, Blolequin, Daloa, Duekoué, Guiglo and Man, and the four south-western departments of Abidjan, San Pedro, Sassandra, Soubré and Taboo.
The profiling report, the basis of IDMC’s current estimate of IDPs, revealed that more than 2.3 million people had been internally displaced since 2002, of whom 300,889 were still living in internal displacement as of mid-2014. Sixty-two per cent of remaining IDPs were living in Abidjan, where most said they planned to integrate locally. The capital also hosts more than half of the country’s returning refugees and returning IDPs.
Meanwhile, recurrent clashes and cross-border attacks by armed groups along the Liberian border continue to force thousands of people to flee their homes. IDMC estimates that 33,826 people have been displaced since 2012 as a result of such clashes in the south-west and along the Liberian border. In 2014, more than 5,500 people fled their homes in Fetai and surrounding villages. Most have returned to their homes, but 639 were still living with host families in Grabo as of September 2014. In January 2015, unidentified armed men attacked two villages near Grabo, displacing as many as 2,000 people, mostly allogènes.