Democratic Republic of the Congo

Total population: 69,400,000 people

UNFPA, as of Dec. 2014

Conflict: At Least 2,857,400 internally displaced

As of Mar. 2015

 

Disasters: At Least 37,000

Newly displaced in 2014

405,000 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Jan. 2014

 
Publication | 20 November 2015

Driven apart: how repeated displacement changes family dynamics in eastern DRC

Second of a series of thematic papers that contributes to understanding resilience in the context of multiple displacement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Blog Post | 30 April 2015

The power of solidarity in displacement

Analysts for Central Africa had the opportunity to gather data on internally displaced people who have suffered repeated displacement and to hear firsthand their stories of survival.

Publication | 30 April 2015

IDPs’ decision-making in the DRC

First in a series of thematic papers that contributes to understanding resilience in the context of multiple displacement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Blog Post | 29 January 2015

Guest blogger Elizabeth Ferris describes “the dangers of mainstreaming IDPs into oblivion”

Increasingly, international humanitarians talk about the protection of civilians, vulnerable groups, and affected populations rather than about internally displaced persons (IDPs). What dangers could this pose to IDPs?

Human Rights Mechanism | 18 September 2014

Joint oral statement to the 27th session of the UN Human Rights Council on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 18 September 2014

IDMC Analyst gave a joint statement to the UN Human Rights Council on the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

Blog Post | 18 September 2014

IDMC and Refugees International share concerns and recommendations at the UPR outcome of DRC

IDMC Analyst gave a joint statement to the UN Human Rights Council on the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

 
Overview | 14 January 2014

Multiple crises hamper prospects for durable solutions

DRC is home to an estimated 2.7 million IDPs, making it one of the largest internal displacement crises in the world. Despite international attention being focussed on other areas of the world at the moment, the humanitarian community cannot allow the people of DRC to be left in the shadows.

Overview | 14 September 2011

IDPs need further assistance in context of continued attacks and insecurity

There were an estimated 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as of July 2011, the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. This included over 128,000 people newly displaced in the first quarter of 2011.

Overview | 21 December 2010

IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

Overview | 24 February 2010

Over 2.1 million IDPs in the context of deteriorating humanitarian conditions

Fighting between militia groups and Congolese armed forces supported by the UN, as well as attacks and violence against civilians, caused the displacement of around a million people in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 2009.

Overview | 21 November 2008

Focus on North Kivu Province: IDPs on the move face grave human rights violations

At least 250,000 people have left their homes or places of displacement in North Kivu since the end of August 2008, following large-scale fighting between the forces of rebel leader Laurent Nkunda and the Congolese army and other armed groups.

Overview | 30 September 2008

Escalating displacement in North Kivu despite ceasefire agreement

Fighting between Congolese armed forces and dissident troops and militias, as well as widespread human rights violations committed by all groups, has caused the dis-placement of at least 150,000 people in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from January to July 2008, mostly in North Kivu province.

Overview | 29 November 2007

Worsening humanitarian crisis as internal displacement escalates in the east

Following major new displacement in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a total of at least 1.4 million people remained internally displaced in the DRC as of No-vember 2007. Fighting between Congolese armed forces and dissident troops and militias, as well as widespread human rights violations committed by all groups, caused the dis-placement of at least 500,000 people in eastern DRC in 2007, particularly in North Kivu province.

Overview | 27 April 2007

Returns outnumber new displacements in the east

Despite successful elections held in the second half of 2006 and an overall increase in the level of stability, over a million people remained displaced in the east of the the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as of March 2007. Operations by Congolese armed forces to disarm militias, as well as human rights violations committed by both these forces and the militias, continued to cause frequent displacement in eastern provinces.

Overview | 31 October 2006

IDP return picks up despite glaring lack of reintegration support

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting be-tween rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by wide-spread human rights violations.

Overview | 01 March 2006

Some 40,000 flee ongoing fighting every month

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

Overview | 29 July 2005

DR Congo: Renewed fighting, killings, rapes slow down IDP return and cause new displacement

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are believed to have died as a result of the conflict which was accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

 
Publication | 20 November 2015

Driven apart: how repeated displacement changes family dynamics in eastern DRC

Second of a series of thematic papers that contributes to understanding resilience in the context of multiple displacement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Publication | 30 April 2015

IDPs’ decision-making in the DRC

First in a series of thematic papers that contributes to understanding resilience in the context of multiple displacement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Human Rights Mechanism | 18 September 2014

Joint oral statement to the 27th session of the UN Human Rights Council on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 18 September 2014

IDMC Analyst gave a joint statement to the UN Human Rights Council on the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

Publication | 21 July 2014

The domino effect: why a wide lens is needed to address displacement in central Africa

The briefing paper highlights need to take into account regional dynamics in central Africa and to provide more timely funding and explores potential areas for cross-border learning.

Publication | 07 March 2014

Girl, disrupted

Women and children make up 70% of the world’s internally displaced population. To mark International Women’s Day, IDMC highlights how the challenges young girls face around world increase when violence or conflict forces them to flee their homes.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Democratic Republic of Congo: Internal displacement in brief

There were at least 2,963,700 IDPs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as of the end of 2013, a slight increase on the figure for 2012.

Publication | 17 September 2013

A life of fear and flight: The Legacy of LRA Brutality in north-east Democratic Republic of Congo

IDMC's report offers a revealing insight into the realities of life for those who live side-by-side with one of the most vicious and notorious armed groups in the world, the Lord’s Resistance Army

Publication | 02 February 2012

What does the future hold for IDPs living in camps in Centre Masisi?

Research on internally displaced people in the Democratic Republic of Congo explores their living conditions and future prospects while offering concrete recommendations for durable solutions.

Briefing Paper | 01 May 2011

Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDP protection in light of UNSC Resolution 1925 on MONUSCO’s mandate

Preventing future displacement of the civilian population in DRC and ensuring durable solutions to those who have been displaced has been recognized by UNSC Resolution 1925 as crucial to ensure sustainable peace and security in the country.

Country Profile | 21 December 2010

Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

Country Profile | 12 August 2009

Democratic Republic of Congo: Massive displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions

Fighting between militia groups and Congolese armed forces supported by the UN, as well as attacks and violence against civilians, caused the displacement of some 800,000 people in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during the first six months of 2009. As a result of these and earlier episodes, an estimated two million people were displaced in North and South Kivu and Orientale Province as of the end of July 2009.

Country Profile | 30 September 2008

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Escalating displacement in North Kivu despite ceasefire agreement

Fighting between Congolese armed forces and dissident troops and militias, as well as widespread human rights violations committed by all groups, has caused the displacement of at least 150,000 people in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from January to July 2008, mostly in North Kivu province.

Country Profile | 26 April 2007

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Returns outnumber new displacements in the east

Despite successful elections held in the second half of 2006 and an overall increase in the level of stability, over a million people remained displaced in the east of the the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as of March 2007. Operations by Congolese armed forces to disarm militias, as well as human rights violations committed by both these forces and the militias, continued to cause frequent displacement in eastern provinces.

Country Profile | 31 October 2006

Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDP return picks up despite glaring lack of reintegration support

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

Country Profile | 01 March 2006

Democratic Republic of Congo: Some 40,000 flee ongoing fighting every month

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

Country Profile | 25 October 2004

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. More than three million people have died as a result of the conflict which was accompanied by widespread human rights violations, including systematic killings and rape. The UN estimates that over 2.3 million people remain displaced.

Country Profile | 20 May 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

Country Profile | 19 December 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (December 2002)

Over 500,000 people have been displaced in the Democratic Republic of Congo this year, due mainly to intensified violence in the northeastern Ituri and eastern South Kivu regions. Despite a ceasefire and the withdrawal of foreign troops, over 2.5 million of about 50 million Congolese are now displaced. Most have been uprooted by fighting between rebel groups, attacks on civilians, and resource plundering.

Country Profile | 26 March 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (March 2002)

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

Country Profile | 08 October 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (October 2001)

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

Country Profile | 09 April 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (April 2001)

The dramatic situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s. At this time, political instability, accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions, had already resulted in the displacement of several hundred thousand people.

Country Profile | 24 November 2000

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (November 2000)

The present situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s when political instability accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions caused several hundreds of thousands of people to become displaced and/or forced to resettle (USCR 1995, p.82).

Country Profile | 27 July 2000

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (July 2000)

The present situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s when political instability accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions caused several hundreds of thousands of people to become displaced and/or forced to resettle (USCR 1995, p.82).

Country Profile | 01 February 2000

Internally Displaced Persons in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

The present situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s when political instability accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions caused several hundreds of thousands of people to become displaced and/or forced to resettle (

 
Blog Post | 30 April 2015

The power of solidarity in displacement

Analysts for Central Africa had the opportunity to gather data on internally displaced people who have suffered repeated displacement and to hear firsthand their stories of survival.

Blog Post | 29 January 2015

Guest blogger Elizabeth Ferris describes “the dangers of mainstreaming IDPs into oblivion”

Increasingly, international humanitarians talk about the protection of civilians, vulnerable groups, and affected populations rather than about internally displaced persons (IDPs). What dangers could this pose to IDPs?

Blog Post | 18 September 2014

IDMC and Refugees International share concerns and recommendations at the UPR outcome of DRC

IDMC Analyst gave a joint statement to the UN Human Rights Council on the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

Blog Post | 19 August 2014

Why is aid not working? A fresh approach to displacement in the DRC

A new approach to assistance in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo is needed. This is how our project on resilience and multiple displacement will contribute to this.

Blog Post | 24 July 2014

As DRC ratifies the Kampala Convention, IDMC asks: What difference will it make?

IDMC explores what difference the ratification of the Kampala Convention by the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo will make for the country's IDPs.

Blog Post | 14 May 2014

IDMC’s annual flagship report reveals record breaking IDP figures for second year running

IDMC reveals 33.3 million people were internally displaced by conflict in 2013, with a full 63% in just 5 countries.

Blog Post | 14 May 2014

A record 33.3 million displaced by conflict and violence worldwide, with Nigeria in the top 5 countries most affected

IDMC's annual report reveals 12.5 million people in sub-Saharan Africa have been internally displaced by conflict & violence in 2013.

Blog Post | 07 March 2014

Girl, disrupted: challenges for internally displaced girls worldwide

Women and children make up 70% of the world’s internally displaced population. To mark International Women’s Day, IDMC highlights how the challenges young girls face around world increase when violence or conflict forces them to flee their homes.

Blog Post | 14 January 2014

Why now is not the time for UN watchdogs to drop the ball on the DRC

With reports of the re-emergence of the notorious M23 armed group within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), IDMC’s argues for the renewal of the mandate of the ‘United Nations Group of Experts’, due to expire February 2014.

Blog Post | 17 September 2013

A Life of Fear and Flight: The Legacy of LRA Brutality in North-East Democratic Republic of Congo

IDMC / UNHCR report provides insight into the lives of victims who have suffered at the brutal hands of the LRA

Latest from Sub-Saharan Africa

Driven apart: how repeated displacement changes family dynamics in eastern DRC
20 November 2015 | Democratic Republic of the Congo |Publication
Global Estimates 2015: People displaced by disasters
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Internal displacement in the Central African Republic
26 May 2015 | Central African Republic |Map