Ethiopia

Total population: 96,500,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2014

Conflict: 413,400 internally displaced

As of Jul. 2015

 

Disasters: 76,000

Newly displaced in 2014

86,861 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Dec. 2014

 
Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Publication | 21 May 2014

Assessing drought displacement risk for Kenyan, Ethiopian and Somali pastoralists

IDMC examines how drought and other factors influence the scale, scope and patterns of drought-related displacement of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Ethiopia: Internal displacement in brief

In Ethiopia both natural and man-made disasters displace thousands every year. As of December 2013 there were 316,000 people internally displaced in the country according to IOM and its partners.

Country Page | 31 July 2012

Ethiopia

IDMC's Ethiopia page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

Overview | 20 January 2011

Monitoring of conflict, human rights violations and resulting displacement still problematic

Armed conflicts and localised episodes of violence have continued to cause displacement in various areas

Overview | 03 September 2009

Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government.

Country Profile | 03 September 2009

Ethiopia: Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government. It is difficult to establish the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) as neither the government nor any international organisation has undertaken a profiling exercise.

 
Overview | 20 January 2011

Monitoring of conflict, human rights violations and resulting displacement still problematic

Armed conflicts and localised episodes of violence have continued to cause displacement in various areas

Overview | 03 September 2009

Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government.

Overview | 26 April 2006

Government recognition of conflict IDPs crucial to addressing their plight

Internal displacement due to conflict occurs in different parts of Ethiopia. It is caused mainly by ethnic tensions exacerbated by the government’s regionalisation policy along ethnic lines, tight political control from the centre, and widespread resource shortages in a chronically food-insecure country.

Overview | 13 May 2005

Ethiopia: Border war and ethnic clashes leave over 150,000 internally displaced

There is no available official number of people internally displaced by conflict in Ethiopia. This is mainly due to the fact that information on internal displacement provided by the federal government on the one hand and the local authorities on the other is contradictory.

 
Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Publication | 21 May 2014

Assessing drought displacement risk for Kenyan, Ethiopian and Somali pastoralists

IDMC examines how drought and other factors influence the scale, scope and patterns of drought-related displacement of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Ethiopia: Internal displacement in brief

In Ethiopia both natural and man-made disasters displace thousands every year. As of December 2013 there were 316,000 people internally displaced in the country according to IOM and its partners.

Country Profile | 03 September 2009

Ethiopia: Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government. It is difficult to establish the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) as neither the government nor any international organisation has undertaken a profiling exercise.

Country Profile | 30 October 2007

Ethiopia: Addressing the rights and needs of people displaced by conflict

Relatively little is known about the extent and nature of conflict-induced internal displacement in Ethiopia. Numerous small-scale conflicts and displacement situations receive little to no attention.

Publication | 01 October 2007

Ethiopia: Addressing the rights and needs of people displaced by conflict

Relatively little is known about the extent and nature of conflict-induced internal displacement in Ethiopia. This report aims to explore the issues faced by internally displaced people in more detail using information gathered by IDMC during a fact-finding mission in 2007

Country Profile | 26 September 2006

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Badme area escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998. Since then the war has been characterised by months of relative quiet interrupted by renewed fighting. Intense fighting took place in particular during February 1999 causing waves of people to flee the border areas.

Country Profile | 26 April 2006

Ethiopia: Government recognition of conflict IDPs crucial to addressing their plight

Internal displacement due to conflict occurs in different parts of Ethiopia. It is caused mainly by ethnic tensions exacerbated by the government’s regionalisation policy along ethnic lines, tight political control from the centre, and widespread resource shortages in a chronically food-insecure country.

Country Profile | 13 May 2005

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

There is no available official number of people internally displaced by conflict in Ethiopia. This is mainly due to the fact that information on internal displacement provided by the federal government on the one hand and the local authorities on the other is contradictory

Country Profile | 13 July 2004

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

There are some 130,000 people internally displaced (IDPs) in Ethiopia due to conflicts. This figure includes 62,000 persons in Tigray who have been displaced by the military confrontation which arose from a border dispute in May 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Since 2003, about 51,000 people in Gambella have been displaced by ethnic clashes and power struggles.

Country Profile | 11 August 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (August 2003)

Over 360,000 people were displaced by a military confrontation between Ethiopia and Eritrea, which rose from a border dispute in May 1998. Many of them were able to return home after a ceasefire was declared in June 2000. As of August 2003, there were between 169,000 and 228,000 people unable to return to their areas of origin.

Country Profile | 17 March 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2003)

In 1993, Ethiopia and Eritrea, a former Ethiopian province, separated on good terms, thereby creating two sovereign states. In May 1998, however, tensions over a region under Ethiopian administration escalated into an all-out war, with Ethiopia accusing Eritrea of invading its territory.

Country Profile | 27 November 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (November 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998 and caused the internal displacement of some 177,000 Ethiopians (UNCTE 2 February 1999, p. 2). More people were displaced when the fighting intensified in February 1999.

Country Profile | 02 March 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998 immediately displacing some 177,000 people (UNCTE 2 February 1999, p. 2). Intense fighting in February 1999 led to further displacement. Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea in May 2000, followed by a cease-fire agreement on 18 June 2000.

Country Profile | 01 April 2000

Internally Displaced Person in Ethiopia

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Badme area escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998. Since then the war has been characterised by months of relative quiet interrupted by renewed fighting along the border down to the Assab area. Intense fighting took in particular place in February 1999 causing waves of people to flee the attacks in the border areas.

 
 
Map | 01 October 2007

Internal displacement in Ethiopia

Latest from Sub-Saharan Africa

Driven apart: how repeated displacement changes family dynamics in eastern DRC
20 November 2015 | Democratic Republic of the Congo |Publication
Global Estimates 2015: People displaced by disasters
20 July 2015 | Sudan , Bosnia and Herzegovina , India , Bangladesh , Philippines , Burundi , Central African Republic |Publication
Internal displacement in the Central African Republic
26 May 2015 | Central African Republic |Map