Ethiopia IDP Figures Analysis
As of July 2015, IDMC estimates that there were over 413,400 internally displaced people in Ethiopia due to inter-communal and cross-border violence, most of them living in protracted displacement situations
This figure is based upon estimates gathered by the International Organization for Migration and its partners and does not take into account those that were registered as returnees (IOM, April 2015). IOM conducts internal displacement monitoring in multiple regions of Ethiopia in collaboration with other humanitarian and NGO partners, the government’s Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureaus (DPPBs) and the Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS). The Somali region is the most displacement-affected region.
IOM gathers data on causes and locations of displacement, as well as needs versus responses, disaggregated by age and gender. As of July 2015, there were over 221,801 men and 191,611 women internally displaced. Out of these, slightly over 62 per cent were between 0 and 19 years old and 3 per cent were 60 years and older. From the beginning of April until the end of June 2015, 17,165 IDPs returned to their places of origin, while 21,599 people were newly displaced.
The methods IOM used to collect data for the quarterly internal displacement monitoring reports are key informant interviews with local authorities and IDP representatives and focus group discussions and structured questionnaires (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix). In addition, IOM uses census data and government-led joint multi-agency assessment reports in order to ensure the validity of the data.