31 December 2013 |
Ethiopia: Internal displacement in brief
As of December 2013
In Ethiopia both natural and man-made disasters displace thousands every year. As of December 2013 there were 316,000 people internally displaced in the country according to IOM and its partners. Most IDPs were living in protracted displacement and concentrated in the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia.
New displacement was caused by inter-clan violence, cross-border conflict and ongoing armed struggles for self-determination in the Somali and Oromia regions. Most IDPs reportedly sought shelter with relatives or in the bush, rather than in organised camps.
Some returns and small-scale resettlements also took place in 2013, but insecurity and a lack of socio-economic development have left most IDPs struggling to achieve durable solutions.
In Ethiopia, humanitarian preparedness and response are coordinated by the government’s Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector, a directorate within the Ministry of Agriculture, with sector-specific response coordinated by the respective line ministries. As reported in the annual joint government and humanitarian partners’ document, in 2013 some emergency assistance was also provided to conflict-induced internally displaced people in various regions, particularly in terms of food, health, nutrition and education. However, humanitarian assistance for the most vulnerable was inadequate, in many cases leaving their immediate needs unmet.
The government has tried to resolve conflict and violence through regional authorities, but sustained efforts continue to be needed. Ethiopia was one of the first countries to sign the Kampala Convention, but it is still to ratify it.