Kenya

Total population: 45,500,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2014

Conflict: 309,200 internally displaced

As of Fev. 2015

 

Disasters: 1,400

Newly displaced in 2014

8,556 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Dec. 2014

 
Publication | 28 August 2015

A review of the normative framework in Kenya relating to the protection of IDPs

Kenya has one of the most articulated IDP frameworks in the world, but additional steps may be required for it to become fully operational.

Publication | 21 August 2015

Towards a comprehensive response to internal displacement in Kenya: a roadmap for action

IDMC recommends a series of normative actions for Kenya to complete the work initiated with the adoption of the IDP Act in 2012 and the drafting of the IDP policy.

Blog Post | 21 May 2015

3 key trends that lie beneath a silent displacement crisis in Kenya’s north-east

In 2014, over 95 per cent of the 220,000 people newly displaced in the country took place in Kenya’s north east. Here, IDMC asks: What has led to this spike in new displacement?

Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Blog Post | 03 July 2014

Why unresolved land issues lay at the heart of displacement in Kenya’s Coast region

Thousands of people from Kenya’s coastal region face ongoing displacement and forced evictions. A new report explains how unresolved grievances from the past continue to pose major risks for the population today.

Publication | 03 July 2014

Unfinished business: Kenya’s efforts to address displacement and land issues in Coast Region

The report analyses displacement in Kenya’s Coast region, identifies land issues as key triggers and obstacles to durable solutions, and recommends actions to address them.

Blog Post | 17 June 2014

Can you prevent displacement? IDMC unveils new simulator to show how it's done

IDMC unveils its latest tool to measure pastoralists are at risk of drought-related displacement - and how to prevent it.

 
Overview | 03 June 2014

Kenya: too early to turn the page on IDPs, more work is needed

IDMC highlights Kenya’s need to support durable solutions for all IDPs, collect comprehensive and updated data on displacement and urgently implement the 2012 IDP Act

Overview | 28 December 2012

IDPs' significant needs remain as inter-communal violence increases

Many assume that the emergency has ended, however there are still humanitarian needs for the IDPs

Overview | 10 June 2010

Speedy reform needed to deal with past injustices and prevent future displacement

In early 2008, an estimated 650,000 Kenyans were displaced and a further 1,300 lost their lives during two months of intense communal violence after the announcement of presidential and parliamentary election results.

Overview | 23 December 2008

No durable solutions for internally displaced yet

Widespread violence following the December 2007 elections, which were marred by accusations of election irregularities, displaced up to 600,000 people in Kenya.

Overview | 30 November 2004

Kenya: Tensions rise as government fails to address internal displacement

When the KANU (Kenya African National Union) government was voted out in December 2002 after almost 40 years in power, around 350,000 remaining internally displaced people (IDPs) regained hopes of returning to the land they had been forced to flee during the 1990s.

 
Publication | 28 August 2015

A review of the normative framework in Kenya relating to the protection of IDPs

Kenya has one of the most articulated IDP frameworks in the world, but additional steps may be required for it to become fully operational.

Publication | 21 August 2015

Towards a comprehensive response to internal displacement in Kenya: a roadmap for action

IDMC recommends a series of normative actions for Kenya to complete the work initiated with the adoption of the IDP Act in 2012 and the drafting of the IDP policy.

Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Publication | 03 July 2014

Unfinished business: Kenya’s efforts to address displacement and land issues in Coast Region

The report analyses displacement in Kenya’s Coast region, identifies land issues as key triggers and obstacles to durable solutions, and recommends actions to address them.

Publication | 21 May 2014

Assessing drought displacement risk for Kenyan, Ethiopian and Somali pastoralists

IDMC examines how drought and other factors influence the scale, scope and patterns of drought-related displacement of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa.

Publication | 03 March 2014

On the margin: Kenya’s pastoralists

Conceptual study of internal displacement of pastoralists (case study: Kenya), examining its multi-causality and processes/options for improving their protection and assistance, to move towards durable solutions.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Kenya: Internal displacement in brief

Since its independence, Kenya has experienced numerous waves of internal displacement caused by generalised violence, disasters and development projects.

Publication | 01 October 2012

Internal displacement and vulnerability of pastoralist communities in northern Kenya

IDMC investigates the situation faced by displaced pastoralists in Kenya; the causes of their displacement, the legal basis for their protection and the shortcomings in response.

Publication | 01 December 2011

Sanctuary in the city?

These studies are part of ongoing work on urban displacement in Nairobi, conducted between 2010 and 2011 to explore the phenomenon of displacement in the urban environment and the implications and challenges it poses for humanitarian action

Country Profile | 10 June 2010

Kenya: Speedy reform needed to deal with past injustices and prevent future displacement

In early 2008, an estimated 650,000 Kenyans were displaced and a further 1,300 lost their lives during two months of intense communal violence after the announcement of presidential and parliamentary election results.

Country Profile | 23 December 2008

Kenya: No durable solutions for internally displaced yet

Widespread violence following the December 2007 elections, which were marred by accusations of election irregularities, displaced up to 600,000 people in Kenya. Despite government claims that the vast majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) have returned home or been resettled, civil society and media sources report that hundreds of thousands of people remain displaced.

Human Rights Mechanism | 14 June 2007

CEDAW Submission Kenya 2007

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), monitors conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. The Geneva-based Centre runs an online database providing comprehensive and regularly updated information and analysis on internal displacement in more than 50 countries. It contributes to improving national and international capacities to protect and assist the millions of people around the globe who have been displaced within their own country as a result of conflicts or human rights violations.

Publication | 01 December 2006

‘I am a Refugee in My Own Country’: Conflict-Induced Internal Displacement in Kenya

This report outlines the complex issues around internal displacement in Kenya.

Country Profile | 30 November 2004

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

When the KANU (Kenya African National Union) government was voted out in December 2002 after almost 40 years in power, around 350,000 remaining internally displaced people (IDPs) regained hopes of returning to the land they had been forced to flee during the 1990s. However, the new government has not lived up to expectations that it would resolve the causes of the displacement and resettle or compensate the IDPs.

Country Profile | 06 October 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

During the 1990s more than half a million Kenyans were internally displaced because of violence along inter-ethnic lines instigated by the ruling KANU (Kenya African National Union) in response to the introduction of multi-party democracy. By repeatedly attacking tribal groups connected to opposition parties, KANU, which had been in office since independence in 1963, managed to cling to power until being finally voted in December 2002.

Country Profile | 01 April 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Kenya came to the forefront during the 1990s when escalated ethnic violence became closely linked to the re-introduction of multi party politics. As of March 2001 more than 200,000 Kenyans who had to leave their homes in the Rift Valley during the 1990s still remained internally displaced. The exact national figure is presently uncertain, return and resettlement have been spontaneous and new people have become displaced during recent years.

Country Profile | 17 January 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya (January 2002)

A report released in March 2001 indicates that more than 200,000 people could still be considered internally displaced because of the political violence during the 1990s . The exact number is still uncertain as most return or resettlement has been spontaneous and there has been new displacement occurring during recent years.

Country Profile | 21 December 2000

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

By the end of 2000, it is unclear how many Kenyans remained displaced given the spontaneous resettlement of some populations and new displacement of others during recent years. USCR estimated that 100,000 Kenyans remained internally displaced by the end of 1999 (USCR 2000)

 
Blog Post | 21 May 2015

3 key trends that lie beneath a silent displacement crisis in Kenya’s north-east

In 2014, over 95 per cent of the 220,000 people newly displaced in the country took place in Kenya’s north east. Here, IDMC asks: What has led to this spike in new displacement?

Blog Post | 03 July 2014

Why unresolved land issues lay at the heart of displacement in Kenya’s Coast region

Thousands of people from Kenya’s coastal region face ongoing displacement and forced evictions. A new report explains how unresolved grievances from the past continue to pose major risks for the population today.

Blog Post | 17 June 2014

Can you prevent displacement? IDMC unveils new simulator to show how it's done

IDMC unveils its latest tool to measure pastoralists are at risk of drought-related displacement - and how to prevent it.

Blog Post | 05 March 2014

How can pastoralists become displaced when they lead traditionally mobile lifestyles?

IDMC explains the ‘tipping point’ from which pastoralists fall from voluntary migration into forced displacement

 
Map | 03 June 2014

Newly-displaced Kenyans in 2013

In the absence of reliable comprehensive data on IDP populations across Kenya, conservative estimates of new displacement in 2013 due to inter-communal violence and disasters are represented here.

Map | 01 November 2005

Internal displacement in Kenya

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