Mali IDP Figures Analysis
As of December 2014, IDMC estimates that 61,621internally displaced people (IDPs) who fled the conflict in Mali’s north during 2012 and 2013 have not secured a durable solution to their displacement. This figure has decreased from a peak of 350,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in June 2012.
Cities in the country’s south host 32,038 IDPs, with the majority in Bamako (14,386), Koulikoro (10,456) and Ségou (2,106). The 29,583 IDPs in the north are mostly located in Kidal (11,990), Timbuktu (10,348) and Gao (7,245). IDPs dispersed in the north are mostly rural populations fleeing ongoing insecurity. As of June 2014, 69 per cent of internally displaced households rented houses in the south while 25 per cent lived with host families. In the north, 83 per cent lived in host families. There are no IDP camps in Mali.
Return movements were limited in 2012 but increased in the second half of 2013, due to the opening of schools, the partial restoration of basic state services and a period of stabilization in the country. IDP movements toward the north have since decreased significantly throughout 2014, particularly since April 2014, due to insecurity rising once again and the fact than many IDPs have already returned. In 2014 alone, 19,192 were newly displaced. While security incidents in Kidal led to a peak of new displacement in May, food insecurity for 51.4 percent of IDPs registered while travelling from north to south in December 2014 was the primary reasons of displacement. There is a growing fluidity of movement in the country as 60 per cent of IDPs households declare having returned at least once to their places of origin, a marked increase from 47 per cent reported in October 2014.
Figures on internal displacement are provided by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix Programme (DTM) which runs registration, Flow Monitoring Points (FMP) and needs assessments to gather its data. The DTM teams are deployed in all regions of Mali and are composed of members of the National Directorate of Social Development (Direction Nationale du Développement Social - DNDS), the General Directorate of Civil Protection (Direction Générale de la Protection Civile - DGPC) and IOM. Field assessments are carried out on a regular basis to update the data on IDPs and returnees. The methodology has been endorsed by the Commission on Population Movement (CMP).
In November 2014, the DTM programme was handed over to the Malian Government, transferring the data collection process and analysis to the National Directorate for Social Development, together with the DTM equipment.