Nigeria

Total population: 182,200,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2015

Conflict: Almost 2,152,000 internally displaced

As of 31 Dec. 2015*

 

Disasters: Almost 4,600

Newly displaced in 2014

107,816 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of June 2015

 
Publication | 08 December 2015

Understanding the root causes of displacement: towards a comprehensive approach to prevention and solutions

The UNHCR High Commissioner's dialogue 16-17 December 2015 presents a unique opportunity to encourage political actors, development experts, human rights advocates, data specialists and many others to inform responses to displacement upon sound analysis and understanding of the underlying drivers of displacement. IDMC's new briefing paper can help all re-think displacement in the context of today's crises. <!-- Sustainably preventing and resolving displacement requires an understanding of the complex interaction of the various drivers that overlap, accumulate and lead to displacement. -->

Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Publication | 16 April 2015

Boko Haram’s terror ripples through the region

Brutal attacks by militant group Boko Haram have caused massive internal displacement not only within Nigeria but also in neighboring Cameroon, Chad and Niger.

Blog Post | 26 March 2015

Nigerian IDPs at risk of going unheard in upcoming elections

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the presidential election on Saturday, there are concerns that over 1.2 million displaced people will be unable to access polling stations.

Blog Post | 11 December 2014

IDMC at Chatham House: Nigeria’s 2015 elections, Boko Haram and Security

With the Nigerian presidential and parliamentary elections due in February 2015, there are fears the violence that accompanied the polls three years ago will reoccur.

Overview | 09 December 2014

Nigeria: multiple displacement crises overshadowed by Boko Haram

In the run-up to 2015 elections, attacks by Boko Haram militants have caused an unprecedented crisis in north-eastern Nigeria, compounding other complex causes of internal displacement such as inter-communal violence and flooding.

Map | 09 December 2014

Nigeria: internal displacement as of December 2014

This map shows the causes of internal displacement in Nigeria reported in 2013-2014.

 
Overview | 09 December 2014

Nigeria: multiple displacement crises overshadowed by Boko Haram

In the run-up to 2015 elections, attacks by Boko Haram militants have caused an unprecedented crisis in north-eastern Nigeria, compounding other complex causes of internal displacement such as inter-communal violence and flooding.

Overview | 23 July 2013

Fragmented response to internal displacement amid Boko Haram attacks and flood season

Figures on displacement after larger scale crises suggest that violence and disasters caused by natural hazards have forced a staggering number of people to flee their homes

Overview | 08 June 2012

Nigeria: Increasing violence continues to cause internal displacement

Internal displacement is a common consequence across Nigeria of inter-communal and political violence, flooding and forced evictions. While some of the conflicts appear to be caused by overlapping and mutually reinforcing regional, religious and ethnic divisions, but violence often stems from competition for scarce opportunities and communal resources.

Overview | 19 November 2009

Nigeria: No end to internal displacement

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

Overview | 29 October 2007

Institutional mechanisms fail to address recurrent violence and displacement

Outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Complex displacement patterns and the marked lack of detailed and consistent data on the scope of the problem consistently aggravate the already poorly coordinated humanitarian response.

Overview | 21 September 2006

Heightened risk of violence and displacement ahead of 2007 elections

Ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Since internal dis-placement in Nigeria is often short-term, and most IDPs seek refuge with host families, data on the scope of the problem is scarce and no accurate estimates of the current number of IDPs exist.

 
Publication | 08 December 2015

Understanding the root causes of displacement: towards a comprehensive approach to prevention and solutions

The UNHCR High Commissioner's dialogue 16-17 December 2015 presents a unique opportunity to encourage political actors, development experts, human rights advocates, data specialists and many others to inform responses to displacement upon sound analysis and understanding of the underlying drivers of displacement. IDMC's new briefing paper can help all re-think displacement in the context of today's crises. <!-- Sustainably preventing and resolving displacement requires an understanding of the complex interaction of the various drivers that overlap, accumulate and lead to displacement. -->

Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Publication | 16 April 2015

Boko Haram’s terror ripples through the region

Brutal attacks by militant group Boko Haram have caused massive internal displacement not only within Nigeria but also in neighboring Cameroon, Chad and Niger.

Publication | 05 June 2014

Nigeria: Fleeing Boko Haram's relentless terror

IDMC's latest analysis of displacement by Boko Haram reveals that extreme violence has caused some 250,000 to flee their homes in the last 10 months

Summary | 31 December 2013

Nigeria: Internal displacement in brief

The Islamist armed group Boko Haram carried out an increasing number of brutal attacks during 2013, which triggered significant new displacement in north-eastern Nigeria.

Country Profile | 08 June 2012

Nigeria: Increasing violence continues to cause internal displacement

Internal displacement is a common consequence across Nigeria of inter-communal and political violence, flooding and forced evictions. While some of the conflicts appear to be caused by overlapping and mutually reinforcing regional, religious and ethnic divisions, but violence often stems from competition for scarce opportunities and communal resources.

Country Profile | 03 December 2010

Nigeria: Simmering tensions cause new displacement in the “middle belt”

In early 2010, unresolved conflicts and simmering tensions between different social and ethnic groups led to renewed displacement in the city of Jos in the heart of the “middle belt” region of Nigeria. As in the rest of the country, no clear figures on the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) were available for this latest incident of violence.

Country Profile | 19 November 2009

Nigeria: Download Download the profile in English

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

Country Profile | 29 October 2007

Nigeria: Institutional mechanisms fail to address recurrent violence and displacement

Outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999.

Country Profile | 21 September 2006

Nigeria: Heightened risk of violence and displacement ahead of 2007 elections

Ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Since internal displacement in Nigeria is often short-term, and most IDPs seek refuge with host families, data on the scope of the problem is scarce and no accurate estimates of the current number of IDPs exist.

Publication | 01 February 2005

Internal Displacement in Nigeria: A Hidden Crisis

IDMC report outlines key recommendations for humanitarian aid and protection for Nigeria's hidden crisis of internally displaced people.

Country Profile | 01 February 2005

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria

While ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria – with at least 10,000 people killed and an estimated 800,000 internally displaced since military rule ended in 1999 – the past year has witnessed an alarming upsurge in the level of violence and its impact on civilians.

Country Profile | 01 February 2005

Internal displacement in Nigeria: a hidden crisis

While ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria – with at least 10,000 people killed and an estimated 800,000 internally displaced since military rule ended in 1999 – the past year has witnessed an alarming upsurge in the level of violence and its impact on civilians.

Country Profile | 28 May 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria

Internal displacement in Nigeria was already in the headlines 30 years ago, when some two million people died and several millions became internally displaced during the Biafran war (1967-1970). While displacement of this magnitude has not reappeared since then, Nigeria has over the past four years seen a dramatic increase in communal violence.

Country Profile | 19 July 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria (July 2002)

Approximately 500,000 people were forced to flee their homes after ethnic violence rocked Nigeria in October 2001, the majority of whom returned to their homes by mid-2002. Available figures suggested that towards July 2002, a total of at least 30,000 people remained internally displaced in Nigeria.

Country Profile | 22 March 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria (March 2002)

Available figures suggested that towards the end of 2001, a total of some 400,000 people were internally displaced, of which 300,000 resulted from the latest ethnic clashes in central Nigeria during October 2001. In the beginning of 2002, communal fighting in Nasarawa and Plateau States (January), and ethnic clashes in Lagos (February) already displaced thousands.

Country Profile | 28 November 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria

Conflict-induced displacement in Nigeria is caused by several, individual conflicts. Available figures suggested that towards the end of 2001, a total of some 400,000 people were internally displaced, of which 300,000 resulted from the latest ethnic clashes in central Nigeria during October 2001.

 
Blog Post | 26 March 2015

Nigerian IDPs at risk of going unheard in upcoming elections

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the presidential election on Saturday, there are concerns that over 1.2 million displaced people will be unable to access polling stations.

Blog Post | 11 December 2014

IDMC at Chatham House: Nigeria’s 2015 elections, Boko Haram and Security

With the Nigerian presidential and parliamentary elections due in February 2015, there are fears the violence that accompanied the polls three years ago will reoccur.

Blog Post | 11 June 2014

As violence intensifies due to Boko Haram, Jan Egeland warns Nigeria is ‘spiralling into the abyss’

With twenty more women abducted in Nigeria, concerns mount over the escalating geopolitical threat Boko Haram poses to the region.

Blog Post | 14 May 2014

IDMC’s annual flagship report reveals record breaking IDP figures for second year running

IDMC reveals 33.3 million people were internally displaced by conflict in 2013, with a full 63% in just 5 countries.

Blog Post | 14 May 2014

A record 33.3 million displaced by conflict and violence worldwide, with Nigeria in the top 5 countries most affected

IDMC's annual report reveals 12.5 million people in sub-Saharan Africa have been internally displaced by conflict & violence in 2013.

Blog Post | 23 July 2013

As Nigerians brace for flood season, there’s “no excuse” to be caught unprepared

IDMC report explores displacement as a consequence of Boko Haram’s violence and the heavy-handed counterinsurgency against it as well as recurring disaster-related displacement due to yearly flooding.

Blog Post | 07 December 2012

West Africans bubble with pride as they welcome landmark treaty with rounds of applause

IDMC’s Kim Mancini joins representatives of government, police, civil society organisations, and the UN in Nigeria to celebrate first continental treaty on internal displacement coming into force.

 
Map | 09 December 2014

Nigeria: internal displacement as of December 2014

This map shows the causes of internal displacement in Nigeria reported in 2013-2014.

Map | 01 November 2009

Internal displacement in Nigeria

Map | 01 November 2005

Internal displacement in Nigeria

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