Uganda

Total population: 38,800,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2014

Conflict: 29,800 internally displaced

As of May. 2015

 

Disasters: 52,600

Newly displaced in 2014

7,191 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Dec. 2014

 
Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Overview | 23 January 2014

New displacement in Uganda continues alongside long-term recovery needs

Amid continued displacement due to disasters, evictions, and episodes of violence, continued support is needed to assist over a million people displaced due to Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) who have returned home to rebuild their lives and find long-term peace.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Uganda: Internal displacement in brief

Attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the government’s strategy of forcibly relocating civilians in displacement camps caused large-scale displacement in northern Uganda in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Country Page | 31 July 2012

Uganda

IDMC's Uganda page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

Overview | 24 May 2012

Need to focus on returnees and remaining IDPs in transition to development

Since the 2006 signing of a cease-fire agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army there has been significant return of those displaced by conflict in northern Uganda.

Country Profile | 24 May 2012

Uganda: Need to focus on returnees and remaining IDPs in transition to development

Since the 2006 signing of a cease-fire agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army there has been significant return of those displaced by conflict in northern Uganda. The overwhelming majority of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or resettled in new locations.

Publication | 01 June 2011

Unprepared for peace: Education in northern Uganda in displacement and beyond

Case study focusing on factors that affect displaced children’s ability to exercise their right to education in Uganda.

 
Overview | 23 January 2014

New displacement in Uganda continues alongside long-term recovery needs

Amid continued displacement due to disasters, evictions, and episodes of violence, continued support is needed to assist over a million people displaced due to Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) who have returned home to rebuild their lives and find long-term peace.

Overview | 24 May 2012

Need to focus on returnees and remaining IDPs in transition to development

Since the 2006 signing of a cease-fire agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army there has been significant return of those displaced by conflict in northern Uganda.

Overview | 28 December 2010

Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations. Only an estimated 182,000 IDPs remain in camps or transit sites as of December 2010.

Overview | 19 August 2009

Returns outpace recovery planning

Since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in 2006, about two thirds of the 1.8 million IDPs who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin.

Overview | 03 November 2008

Focus shifts to securing durable solutions for IDPs

Significant improvements in the security situation in northern Uganda have allowed about half of the more than 1.8 million people who had been internally displaced by the conflict to return to their villages, while another quarter have moved to transit sites nearer to their homes.

Overview | 24 April 2008

Uncertain future for IDPs while peace remains elusive

With the peace process plagued by delays and confusion, and with conditions in return areas often worse than in the IDP camps, the future for IDPs in northern Uganda remains uncertain.

Overview | 28 March 2007

Uncertain peace process impedes return in north while protection crisis looms in Karamoja region

An estimated 1.7 million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict in the north has been exacerbated by incursions of Karamojong warriors and an ongoing government disarmament process which has resulted in new displacement in northeast Uganda.

Overview | 30 June 2006

Uganda: Renewed international and national attention yields only limited improvements for the displaced

Between 1.7 and two million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), as continued insecurity caused by Karamojong warriors has resulted in new displacement in the eastern part of the country.

Overview | 12 December 2005

Relief efforts hampered in one of the world’s worst internal displacement crises

The situation endured by most of the nearly 2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in northern Uganda continues to worsen as rebel attacks have caused fresh human displacement.

 
Publication | 11 May 2015

The national responsibility to protect internally displaced people: The Kampala Convention

IDMC organised a training workshop in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council and the AU Commission to promote the ratification and the implementation of the Kampala Convention.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Uganda: Internal displacement in brief

Attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the government’s strategy of forcibly relocating civilians in displacement camps caused large-scale displacement in northern Uganda in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Country Profile | 24 May 2012

Uganda: Need to focus on returnees and remaining IDPs in transition to development

Since the 2006 signing of a cease-fire agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army there has been significant return of those displaced by conflict in northern Uganda. The overwhelming majority of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or resettled in new locations.

Publication | 01 June 2011

Unprepared for peace: Education in northern Uganda in displacement and beyond

Case study focusing on factors that affect displaced children’s ability to exercise their right to education in Uganda.

Country Profile | 28 December 2010

Uganda: Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations.

Country Profile | 19 August 2009

Uganda: Returns outpace recovery planning

Since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in 2006, about two thirds of the 1.8 million IDPs who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin.

Country Profile | 03 November 2008

Uganda: Focus shifts to securing durable solutions for IDPs

Significant improvements in the security situation in northern Uganda have allowed about half of the more than 1.8 million people who had been internally displaced by the conflict to return to their villages, while another quarter have moved to transit sites nearer to their homes.

Country Profile | 28 April 2008

Uganda: Uncertain future for IDPs while peace remains elusive

With the peace process plagued by delays and confusion, and with conditions in return areas often worse than in the IDP camps, the future for IDPs in northern Uganda remains uncertain. In August 2006 the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) signed a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CHA), which led to significant improvements in the secu-rity situation in northern Uganda.

Country Profile | 28 March 2007

Uganda: Uncertain peace process impedes return in north while protection crisis looms in Karamoja region

An estimated 1.7 million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict in the north has been exacerbated by incursions of Karamojong warriors and an ongoing government disarmament process which has resulted in new displacement in northeast Uganda.

Publication | 01 October 2006

Uganda: Only Peace Can Restore the Confidence of the Displaced, 2nd Edition

Updated report produced with the Refugee Law Project (RLP) assesses the implementation of the recommendations made by the UN Secretary-General's Representative on IDPs following his visit to Uganda in August 2003.

Country Profile | 30 June 2006

Uganda: Profile of Internal displacement (June 2006)

Between 1.7 and two million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), as continued insecurity caused by Karamojong warriors has resulted in new displacement in the eastern part of the coun-try. While the number of attacks on civilians has decreased, LRA rebels continue to maintain a presence in northern Uganda and the overall security situation remains fluid and unpredictable. Abuses of civilians continue to be committed by the Ugandan military, and in particular by local defence units.

Country Profile | 12 December 2005

Uganda: Relief efforts hampered in one of the world’s worst internal displacement crises

The situation endured by most of the nearly 2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in northern Uganda continues to worsen as rebel attacks have caused fresh human displacement. In early November a spate of attacks on humanitarian workers as well as renewed ambushes on civilians hindered relief operations to a displaced population heavily reliant on assistance.

Country Profile | 10 August 2005

Uganda: Profile of Internal Displacement (August 2005)

Prospects for an end to the massive displacement crisis and two decades of armed conflict between the government and rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda look dim after the breakdown of peace talks in February 2005. The collapse of the talks brought an end to a ceasefire and a resumption of rebel attacks on internally displaced people (IDPs), involving killings, maiming, rapes and looting.

Country Profile | 24 February 2005

Uganda: Profile of Internal displacement (February 2005)

Increased international attention has yet to produce signs of an end to one of the world’s most brutal humanitarian crises, which has displaced 1.6 million people in northern Uganda. The rebellion by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), which kidnaps children, brutalises them, and sends them out to slaughter their friends and relatives, has been going on for 18 years. Some 28,000 children have been abducted, nearly half of them in the two years up to May 2004.

Country Profile | 24 February 2005

Uganda: Profile of Internal displacement (February 2005)

The ongoing peace talks between the government and the rebel group, Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), have revived cautious hopes that the plight of the internally displaced people (IDPs) in northern Uganda may finally be eased. While the official number of IDPs has decreased slightly from 1.6 million in June 2004 to around 1.4 million in February 2005, the real number could be more than 2 million as hundreds of thousands of IDPs live with relatives or in camps not yet fully recognised by the government. IDPs living outside official camps have not been registered and do not benefit from UN food assistance.

Country Profile | 18 December 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda

Described by a senior UN official as the “world’s biggest neglected humanitarian crisis”, the conflict in northern Uganda has now dragged on for more than 17 years. The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has more than doubled from about 650,000 in July 2002 to 1.4 million as of December 2003. The escalation of the conflict since June 2003 meant hundreds of thousands of people have poured into camps after fleeing direct attacks by the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army and regular fighting between the warring parties.

Country Profile | 23 June 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (June 2003)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid-1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and unrelenting attacks by LRA troops in Kitgum, Pader and Gulu have displaced close to 200.000 additional people between July-August 2002 and May 2003 (OCHA August 2002, May 2003).

Country Profile | 11 October 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (October 2002)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid–1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and unrelenting attacks since June 2002 by LRA troops in Kitgum, Pader and Gulu have displaced at least 50,000 additional people in northern Uganda only, according to official estimates. This rose the total number of displaced in the country to close to 700,000 IDPs, by contrast to an estimated 550,000 in February 2002.

Country Profile | 10 April 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid–1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and about 550,000 people remained internally displaced by February 2002 (OCHA, March 2002).

Country Profile | 09 June 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda

Internal displacement in Uganda is caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas, as well as violent cattle raids in the east. Although the conflict cannot be considered a countrywide civil war, it affects about one quarter of the country's 45 districts (UN November 1999).

Country Profile | 01 February 2000

Internally Displaced in Uganda

Internal displacement in Uganda is the result of armed conflict in northern and western areas. Although the conflict cannot be considered a countrywide civil war, it affects about one quarter of the country's 45 districts (UN November 1999). The UN estimated the number of IDPs to be 621,958 by the end of January 2000 (UNHCU 18 February 2000, p.6).

Country Profile | 01 December 1999

Internally Displaced in Uganda

Internal displacement in Uganda is the result of armed conflict in northern and western areas. Although the conflict cannot be considered a countrywide civil war, it affects about one quarter of the country's 45 districts (UN November 1999).

 

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