There were 5.2 million new internal displacements associated with conflict and violence in the first half of 2018, based on the analysis of data from the 10 worst-affected countries. There were also 3.3 million associated with disasters in 110 countries and territories. Countries in the Horn of Africa bore the brunt of displacement. On top of more than 1.7 million new displacements associated with conflict and violence in Ethiopia and Somalia, significant numbers of people fled devastating floods and drought in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya.
Countries with most new displacements associated with conflict and violence from January to June 2018
Ten largest disaster displacement events from January to June 2018
Main conflict events from January to June 2018
Main disaster events from January to June 2018
In Ethiopia, new conflict broke out in Gedeo and West Guji zones in the south of the country, triggering more than a million new displacements. Internal border disputes between Somali and Oromia regions in the east, that flared up towards the end of 2017, continued.
Find out more about the drivers, patterns and impacts of displacement in Ethiopia on our country profile.
Conflict in Yemen continued unabated in the first half of 2018. Displacement was largely concentrated in areas of western Yemen controlled by Ansar Allah, the Houthi movement, where airstrikes hit densely populated areas including the cities of Taizz and Hodeidah.
Find out more about the drivers, patterns and impacts of displacement in Yemen on our country profile.
In the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia experienced nearly a million new displacements due to unprecedented flooding in April and May, after an extended period of drought in the region exacerbated by the Indian El Niño weather phenomenon.
Read more about flooding in the Horn of Africa in our mid-year figures report.
Tropical Cyclone Gita, left a trail of destruction in the Pacific, triggering 10,000 new displacements in American Samoa, New Zealand, Samoa and Tonga. The damage caused by Gita shows that small island states suffer huge impacts relative to their population size.
Read more about tropical cyclone Gita in our mid-year figures report.
Download the report
The mid-year figures reveal the most significant new internal displacements associated with conflict, violence and disasters between January – June 2018.