This research area aims at better understanding the needs and resources of specific groups of internally displaced people, including children, women, men, youth, older people, members of minority groups and people with disabilities. The objective is to identify policies and support options that can best respond to the different impacts of displacement these groups experience.
Although the amount and quality of information on internal displacement has improved in the past few years, most of it is presented at the national level and considers IDPs to be a coherent group with similar needs and characteristics. This is, however, not the case. Internally displaced women, men, and young people all experience displacement differently: they each have specific demands and resources they can rely on. These specificities must be better understood and taken into account to design more efficient policies and programmes to support them all.
IDMC has started collecting more granular information on the sex, gender and age of IDPs, on the specific challenges they face and on the most effective ways to assist them. The first conclusion from this stock-taking exercise is that blanket solutions to internal displacement often leave the most vulnerable behind. The second conclusion is that knowledge on how IDPs are impacted by displacement differently as a result of their pre-existing characteristics is extremely limited.
To support policies and interventions that focus on internally displaced children, youth, older people, people with disabilities, women, men and people from minority groups, disaggregated data must be collected and analysed. Qualitative research on the differentiated impacts, challenges and opportunities they find in internal displacement must complement the numbers and inform better programming.
Internally displaced children are twice invisible in global and national data. First, because internally displaced people of all ages are often unaccounted for. Second, because age-disaggregation of any kind of data is limited, and even more so for IDPs.
This report presents the first estimates of the number of children living in internal displacement triggered by conflict and violence at the regional and national levels. It also presents some of the impacts of internal displacement children experience more often than adults, and it looks at policies and practices from around the world to identify options for supporting and protecting internally displaced children.