14 May 2024

Türkiye - Earthquakes trigger largest disaster displacement event of 2023

Türkiye experienced a devastating disaster in February 2023 when two earthquakes of magnitude 7.8 and 7.5 and their aftershocks led to extensive death, destruction and displacement. The epicentres were in Kahramanmaraş and Hatay, but other provinces, in particular Adıyaman, Gaziantep and Malatya were also affected. Four million internal displacements were recorded, making it the world’s largest disaster displacement event of the year.

The intensity of the earthquakes, the age of some buildings and noncompliance with construction standards all contributed to the severity of their impacts. Tens of thousands of homes were destroyed and many damaged buildings that were still standing had to be demolished, prolonging displacement for many.

Map of 4 million internal displacements by earthquakes in Türkiye